traceroute bridge and network/interfaces
davidparks21 at yahoo.com
Sun Apr 7 09:07:25 UTC 2013
Your questions are a bit hard to follow, but here's the best I can offer as an answer to them:
1) Trace route:
Traceroute works by using the TTL (time to live) feature of TCP/IP. This is a number that starts at 30 (by default) and is reduced by 1 every time it hits a router. That way one packet can't go in a circles infinitely if someone misconfigured their router, eventually it'll die. When it does that router *might* send a notice back to the sender that it was dropped due to an expired TTL.
Traceroute starts by sending 1 packet with a TTL of 1, so it fails at the first router, and that router replies that it was dropped. In your case that was your local router at 192.168.1.1, and so traceroute knows about that router. Now it repeats with a TTL of 2, which makes it to the 2nd router before being dropped, but in this case the 2nd router simply didn't send you a notice (whoever owns that router, clearly your ISP in this case, simply set it not to do that, their prerogative). Then Traceroute repeats again with a TTL of 3, and so on until it hits the destination.
Short answer: you can't do anything about it.
2) Is the IO gear wifi adapter acting as a bridge?
>From a look at the specs this thing seems to connect to your local WIFI network and provide physical Ethernet ports. The feature list was so horribly written on their page that it's hard to tell what it really does exactly. If it's acting as a bridge (a bridge being almost the same thing as a switch, if you're more familiar with their functionality) you'll get an IP from your home WIFI router, if it's acting as a router it will probably provide its own IPs via DHCP.
3) How does the router determine those settings?
That question is a little unclear, the link you pointed to shows the configuration of a router, so I assume you're talking about how a router knows to give out IPs 192.168.1.x? If so, that's something you set in the router, by default most home routers designate IPs 192.168.1.x as the IPs they give to clients (via DHCP). This IP range is 1 of 3 that are designated by ICANN (the coordinating authorities for IPs) as internal IP ranges (e.g. they won't go over the internet). This is a good default because it's the smallest of the 3 ranges of "internal" IPs.
4) How do I know what settings are required for /etc/network/interfaces with this device?
In most home networking cases this should be left as automatic.
# The primary network interface
iface eth0 inet dhcp
If you need to set a static IP then it is *you* who needs to decide what the IPs are going to be (make sure you’re not using IPs that your router will assign automatically), and then set each device to whatever IP *you* assigned it. But again, that isn’t a normal home networking configuration, you should only do it if you have some reason to do it (for example, you’re running a web service and need the IP never to change).
From: ubuntu-users-bounces at lists.ubuntu.com [mailto:ubuntu-users-bounces at lists.ubuntu.com] On Behalf Of Thufir Hawat
Sent: Sunday, April 07, 2013 3:33 PM
To: ubuntu-users at lists.ubuntu.com
Subject: traceroute bridge and network/interfaces
How do I find out about the *** network?
thufir at dur:~$
thufir at dur:~$ traceroute google.com
traceroute to google.com (220.127.116.11), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
1 192.168.1.1 (192.168.1.1) 0.305 ms 0.338 ms 0.381 ms
2 * * *
3 tl15fl.vs.shawcable.net (18.104.22.168) 18.444 ms 19.884 ms 19.941 ms
4 22.214.171.124 (126.96.36.199) 25.567 ms 26.477 ms 27.171 ms
5 188.8.131.52 (184.108.40.206) 28.594 ms 29.720 ms 30.306 ms
6 220.127.116.11 (18.104.22.168) 22.778 ms 18.910 ms 19.718 ms
7 22.214.171.124 (126.96.36.199) 17.622 ms 18.409 ms 57.878 ms
8 188.8.131.52 (184.108.40.206) 24.866 ms 25.783 ms 24.183 ms
9 sea09s01-in-f7.1e100.net (220.127.116.11) 22.232 ms 27.047 ms 27.002 ms thufir at dur:~$
What I have is a an IO gear universal wifi adapter:
which connects to a computer, or router, with ethernet cable. It is acting as, I believe, a bridge. Is that correct terminology?
Currently the IO gear wifi adapter connects to the internet port on my router, and then the computer is connected to the router. The IO gear wifi adapter gets its connection from a *different* router, wirelessly.
Is the IO gear wifi adapter acting as a bridge?
Clicking on requirements shows:
Windows® XP, Windows® Vista, Windows® 7
Mac OS X v10.4 and above
Linux® Fedora 10 (Kernel: 18.104.22.168-117) <----
While I managed to get the device working, that was only because of some magic which the router performed:
How did the router determine those settings? How do I know what settings are required for /etc/network/interfaces with this device?
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