VCS comparison table

Vincent Ladeuil v.ladeuil at
Thu Oct 26 11:52:05 BST 2006

>>>>> "Jeff" == Jeff King <peff at> writes:

    Jeff> On Thu, Oct 26, 2006 at 05:57:20PM +0800, James Henstridge wrote:
    >> >If you two have the same commit that is a guarantee that you two
    >> >have identical trees.  The reverse is not true as logic 101
    >> >would teach ;-).
    >> That was the point I was trying to make.  Carl asserted that in git
    >> you could tell if you had the same tree as someone else based on
    >> revision IDs, which doesn't seem to be the case all the time.

    Jeff> If you have the same revision (commit IDs), you have
    Jeff> the same tree (at the same time, by the same committer,
    Jeff> etc).

    Jeff> If you have a different revision (commit), you may or
    Jeff> may not have the same tree. You can then check the tree
    Jeff> id, which will either be the same (you have the same
    Jeff> tree) or differ (you don't).

    Jeff> Thus, in the converse, if you have the same tree, you
    Jeff> _will_ have the same tree id. You may or may not have
    Jeff> the same commit id.

Ok, so git make a distinction between the commit (code created by
someone) and the tree (code only).

Commits are defined by their parents.

Trees are defined by their content only ?

If that's the case, how do you proceed ? 

Calculate a sha1 representing the content (or the content of the
diff from parent) of all the files and dirs in the tree ?  Or
from the sha1s of the files and dirs themselves recursively based
on sha1s of the files and dirs they contain ?

I ask because the later seems to provide some nice effects
similar to what makes BDD
( so
efficient: you can compare graphs of any complexity or size in
O(1) by just comparing their signatures.


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