rsync or replacement backup
k5di at zianet.com
Mon May 19 21:15:21 UTC 2008
Mike Bird wrote:
> On Mon May 19 2008 12:58:01 Karl Larsen wrote:
>> karl at karl-desktop:~$ cat /root/bin/backup
>> # This file is designed to backup my Ubuntu to the USB Hard Drive using
>> # Karl Larsen, 26 Feb 08
>> rsync -avz /boot /media/disk/
> Omit the "-z". It compresses traffic over networks but it
> doesn't help with local copies.
>> rsync -avz /bin /media/disk/
>> rsync -avz /dev /media/disk/
> You probably don't want to ever restore /dev, so backing it up
> could be regarded as a waste of time. However it's small and
> the information from a /dev backup is sometimes useful in
> emergencies so go ahead and back it up.
>> rsync -avz /etc /media/disk/
>> rsync -avz /lib /media/disk/
>> rsync -avz /opt /media/disk/
>> rsync -avz /root /media/disk/
>> rsync -avz /sbin /media/disk/
>> rsync -avz /srv /media/disk/
>> rsync -avz /sys /media/disk/
> /sys is a special filesystem like /proc. I wouldn't back it up.
>> rsync -avz /tmp /media/disk/
> Most people don't backup /tmp, /var/tmp, ... to save time and space.
>> rsync -avz /usr /media/disk/
>> rsync -avz /var /media/disk/
>> rsync -avz /initrd /media/disk/
>> Of course /sbin is the current sbin directory. /media/disk/ is where
>> the USB hard disk is located.
>> So does anyone know a good one line way to do the same thing?
> Here's a one-liner. You might want to adjust the exclusions
> to suit your needs. Make sure the correct disk is mounted on
> /media/disk before starting. [With rsync v3 you can add "-X" :-) ]
> rsync -va -SHA --partial --delete --delete-excluded --exclude=/media --exclude=/proc --exclude=/sys --exclude=/tmp --exclude=/var/spool/squid --exclude=/var/tmp --exclude=/mnt --exclude='/home/*/.mozilla/firefox/*/Cache' / /media/disk/
> --Mike Bird
Hi Mike I like yours better than mine. I hear all your do not do and
am going to try the --exclude= thing because it makes sense, if it
works. I'm using this now:
sudo rsync -avz /root /boot ... /usr : /mnt
and it seems to be working. It does complain about not being able to
forward some files.
Karl F. Larsen, AKA K5DI
PGP 4208 4D6E 595F 22B9 FF1C ECB6 4A3C 2C54 FE23 53A7
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