SSH and the Ubuntu Server

Ubuntu ssmoser at
Fri Nov 19 00:41:56 UTC 2010

On Nov 18, 2010, at 10:49 AM, Marc Deslauriers <marc.deslauriers at> wrote:

> Hello,
>>> Please consider that the very definition of a "server" implies that
>>> the system is running a "service".  Moreover, our official Ubuntu
>>> Server images as published for the Amazon EC2 cloud are, in fact,
>>> running SSH by default listening on port 22 on the unrestricted
>>> Internet (the 'ubuntu' has no password), and the Ubuntu Enterprise
>>> Cloud installation by the very same ISO installs SSH on every every
>>> UEC system deployed.  This is not unprecedented.
> As far as I recall, EC2 opens the ssh port from your ip address only,
> and authenticates using certificates and not passwords.

the default EC2 security group firewalls the machine completely. The user takes explicit action to open port 22 (euca-authorize). the same is true for UEC.

> Actually, now that you mention it, we should probably disable SSH
> password authentication by default in the EC2 images...

Instances of the official images have exactly zero users that have a password set. Password auth is allowed, but useless until the user sets a password.

on boot, the public key specified at launch is pulled from the metadata service and inserted into the 'ubuntu' users authorized keys.

the corresponding private key is the only way in.
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