[Ubuntu-ma] maroc numéric 2013 et l 'opensource

Mohammed CHERIFI mohammed at mcherifi.org
Mer 16 Juin 18:10:02 BST 2010

Encore un peu d'histoire:



Le 16 juin 2010 17:30, nextma <info at nextma.com> a écrit :

> pour info ce discours n'est pas nouveau
> voici ce que disait mr chami en 2002 :
> Local open source community declares ‘war’ on Microsoft
> Posted :
> 09/26/2002
> Source/Author :
> by Jennifer B. Simes, Staff Writer; Computerworld Philippines
> Link/Url :
> http://www.itnetcentral.com/article.asp?id=9897&info=home&leveli=0
> Tools :
> Print this Article | Email This Article to a Friend
> Comments :
> Read User Comments | Post A Comment
> The local open source community, long engaged in a simmering cold war with
> Microsoft, the world’s biggest champion of proprietary software, has come
> out with guns blazing to publicly dispute the statements made by officials
> of the software giant on open source software (OSS) early this month. This
> formal declaration of war has kept the country’s electronic groups and
> mailing lists abuzz with the expected Microsoft-bashing reactions from OSS
> advocates.
> Microsoft officials fired the first salvo when they said the government can
> benefit from commercial software from a total cost of ownership standpoint
> since deploying their products is more cost-effective than using Linux, one
> of the most popular open source operating systems.
> “Linux is a collection of different technologies from a broad range of
> different organizations that doesn’t have a support mechanism or the
> technology direction or commitment from an R&D perspective,” said Michael
> Rawding, Microsoft president for the Asia-Pacific region including Japan.
> “Repeatedly, when people use it, they find that they have to spend a lot
> more time in the underlying plumbing of the technology.”
> Ahmed Chami, Microsoft director for the South Asia region, added fuel to
> the fire by saying that putting its faith on OSS alone would be dangerous
> for the government to do since it is not a proven model and cannot guarantee
> success in the future.
> OSS advocates and Linux users were also irked by the implication that open
> source software would stifle the growth of the local software development
> industry and discourage the generation of jobs as well as the establishment
> of new software companies in the country.
> “Open source software is the intelligent alternative,” said Emmanuel Amador
> of Distributed Development Network, an open source-based development service
> company. “It is enterpriseready and will help jumpstart the local software
> development industry. Linux is free, mature, stable and secure, and can be
> freely modified. In contrast, Microsoft’s Windows operating system is prone
> to crash, susceptible to virus, cannot be modified by users, and is very
> insecure.”
> Amador said Microsoft is the one holding back the progress of the local
> software development community by locking developers out of the development
> process through its closed, proprietary software model.
> Also, its licensing and intellectual copyright restrictions make it almost
> impossible to examine and reuse existing proprietary software code to
> produce derivative or customized software or to improve existing proprietary
> software, forcing developers to spend valuable time and resources
> “reinventing the wheel,” added Amador.
> Sacha Chua, a computer science student at the Ateneo de Manila University
> and an open source advocate, echoed Amador’s sentiments. In her e-mail
> posted at the ph-linux-newbie mailing list, Chua said depending on closed
> software products will prevent the country’s developers from learning more
> and from actually creating complex systems.
> “Closed source software may be responsible for billions of dollars invested
> in research and development, but those are invested in a relatively small
> number of people while all the rest do not benefit from the knowledge gained
> because this is guarded jealously instead of being shared,” she wrote.
> She continued: “It may be responsible for millions of jobs over the years,
> but it is also responsible for the loss of even more jobs. Its costs may
> seem to be lower than open source alternatives but that is still money that
> leaves our shores and goes out of our industries. It is money not invested
> in local jobs, training and education. It is money that perpetuates our
> dependency on closed source software.”
> In terms of price points, OSS advocates said open source alternatives would
> always be cheaper to deploy, contrary to what Microsoft claims.
> They pointed out that a lot of money would be saved in software licensing
> fees alone.
> They argued that purchasing licenses for proprietary commercial software is
> becoming increasingly prohibitive as these cost more than twice what one
> would pay for the computer that runs them. And despite large discounts given
> by companies like Microsoft, the acquisition, maintenance and upgrade of
> licensed software on the government’s part would still amount to millions of
> pesos.
> “As ordinary Filipino citizens and taxpayers, we are concerned that our
> government may be wasting hundreds of millions of pesos on expensive
> software when cheap or free alternatives are already available,” noted
> Amador.
> He said public institutions could better spend the funds that currently go
> to pay for such proprietary software by using these for their constituents,
> public service, and charitable and humanitarian projects.
> OSS proponents also cited the other benefits of using open source software
> for both the public and the private sectors: more cost savings in hardware
> requirements and hardware upgrades; privacy and national security
> protection; avoidance of all software piracy issues; faster and simpler
> development and deployment; creativity and better understanding for student
> programmers; more control over the direction of software development;
> training and community support; and availability of mature applications.
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Nos cicatrices ont le mérite de nous rappeler que notre passé n'a pas été un
rêve : Hannibal Lecter
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