[ubuntu-cloud] Ubuntu cloud image '-root.tar.gz' content changes
smoser at ubuntu.com
Mon Oct 28 19:56:37 UTC 2013
On Tue, 29 Oct 2013, Robert Collins wrote:
> On 29 October 2013 07:46, Scott Moser <smoser at ubuntu.com> wrote:
> > Hi all,
> > tldr;
> > As we look forward to the 14.04 deliverable of cloud images, we're wanting
> > to reduce legacy formats and streamline those that we have.
> > If you're a consumer of the '-root.tar.gz' file then read on.
> > The change suggested here will *only* affect the -root.tar.gz file.
> > We make several formats of images available on cloud-images.ubuntu.com.
> > The one relevant to this mail is the '-root.tar.gz'. This is essentially
> > a 'tar -cSpzf - /' of the contents of /.
> > The changes we've just made to trusty are to remove the kernel and
> > bootloader packages before creating the tarfile. Essentially doing a
> > 'apt-get --purge remove "linux-*" "grub-*"' before packaging.
> > The reasoning for this is
> > a.) the images will then be more similar to the ubuntu core tar files at
> > http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-core/releases/12.04/release/
> > b.) the images are primarily used for lxc, where a kernel and bootloader
> > are not necessary or used.
> > c.) there is a ~25M reduction in the size of the tarball, and a 100M+
> > reduction in the size of the extracted root.
> > I'm interested in hearing feedback from anyone using these images that
> > would be [negatively] affected by the proposed change.
> Hi, we use those images (the root.tar.gz) ones for diskimage-builder
> in OpenStack. We build both vm and baremetal images from them, and
> currently assume that there is a kernel in them (but we do remove grub
> from them early on). Overall I think this is probably a good idea, but
> we'll need to fixup our code to be a bit more explicit about whether
> the output is for a vm or physical machine.
-root.tar.gz != tar.gz
The '.tar.gz' files have a unpartitioned disk image and a kernel in them.
$ tar -tvzf saucy-server-cloudimg-amd64.tar.gz
-rw-r--r-- root/root 1476395008 2013-10-27 03:37 saucy-server-cloudimg-amd64.img
-rw-r--r-- root/root 5600016 2013-10-27 03:36 saucy-server-cloudimg-amd64-vmlinuz-generic
-rw-r--r-- root/root 91708 2013-10-27 03:37 saucy-server-cloudimg-amd64-loader
-rw-r--r-- root/root 2949120 2013-10-27 03:37 saucy-server-cloudimg-amd64-floppy
-rw-r--r-- root/root 3300 2013-10-27 03:33 README.files
The -root.tar.gz files have actual filesystem contents:
$ tar tvzf saucy-server-cloudimg-amd64-root.tar.gz
drwxr-xr-x root/root 0 2013-10-27 03:36 bin/
-rwxr-xr-x root/root 122096 2013-01-17 07:03 bin/mv
-rwxr-xr-x root/root 110088 2013-01-17 07:03 bin/ls
lrwxrwxrwx root/root 0 2012-08-15 10:41 bin/sh.distrib -> dash
-rwxr-xr-x root/root 31864 2012-11-29 15:32 bin/fuser
I think you were using the .tar.gz files. not sure.
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