VMware VS VirtualBox

Ignazio Palmisano ignazio_io at yahoo.it
Sun Mar 22 15:16:31 UTC 2009

Irving Leonard wrote:
> I would like to add something
> VirtualBox OSE, in contrast to VirtualBox (the pay one) cames with NAT network 
> out of the box. 

The non OSE is free as in beer. The differences are in some 
functionality, not in the price.

I read that is possible to expose the VM to the network but
> you need to do some tunnels; VMWare-workstation can use bridged networking 
> out of the box (for free) so I sugest vmware for server deployment (unless 
> you want to pay for virtualbox). Personaly I prefer virtualbox for client 
> deployment, because is also visualy friendly.
> Regards
> Irving
> El Monday 16 March 2009 06:41:13 am Edmund Laugasson escribió:
>>> Can anyone compare and contrast? I would like to use one or the other.
>>> What is best?
>> VirtualBox can be installed in Ubuntu very comfortable way and it always
>> works - http://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Linux_Downloads - there is repo for
>> ubuntu and other Debian based distros to install it through APT. VM Ware
>> Server has also repo but it is not updated very frequently and also VM Ware
>> Server development itself is quite slow. VirtualBox has much faster
>> development. Probably VM Ware is developing more those commercial versions
>> and free VM Ware Server version is not in focus.
>> For VM Ware and Linux, especially Ubuntu, you can search from Google. Here
>> is one article for reading to get picture -
>> http://howtoforge.com/vmware-server-on-ubuntu8.04 This patching script
>> doesn't work always... And if you renew your kernel, then this action needs
>> to be repeated. using VirtualBox it works flawlessly - after kernel update
>> and restart just run sudo /etc/init.d/vboxdrv setup to recompile new kernel
>> modules and it always succeeded.
>> After restart make sure you use newly installed kernel. At
>> /boot/grub/menu.lst there is useful to have some conf:
>> ## should update-grub adjust the value of the default booted system
>> ## can be true or false
>> # updatedefaultentry=true
>> If you need just one kernel at your boot list, then change this at
>> /boot/grub/menu.lst:
>> ## controls how many kernels should be put into the menu.lst
>> ## only counts the first occurence of a kernel, not the
>> ## alternative kernel options
>> ## e.g. howmany=all
>> ##      howmany=7
>> # howmany=1
>> There are some prebuilt VM Ware modules for Linux:
>> http://www.vmware.com/support/reference/linux/prebuilt_modules_linux.html
>> VM Ware has true BIOS simulator, VirtualBox doesn't have this. VM Ware
>> Workstation has even virtual machine session capture feature into
>> videofile. But using VirtualBox and recordMyDesktop can do same. I've done
>> this many times using VirtualBox and recordMyDesktop.
>> VirtualBox works faster than VM Ware. Free VM Ware Server does not have
>> shared folders feature. VirtualBox have this.
>> Under Linux you need some tweaks to get work USB but it can be done by
>> adding few lines into conf file(s) and it works well. Also USB 2.0 works
>> under VirtualBox. In OSE (OpenSource Edition) there are some missed
>> features - http://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Editions So, I need usually full
>> version.
>> Look here for USB support at VirtualBox under Linux:
>> http://michael-prokop.at/blog/2007/07/11/virtualbox-usb/
>> http://ubuntuforums.org/archive/index.php/t-551469.html
>> Certainly, you can Google for more instructions. But at first look you
>> VirtualBox installation - there can be this USB alread work and you don't
>> need add those tweaks.
>> I used:
>> # close VirtualBox if it was opened
>> # sudo nano /etc/init.d/mountdevsubfs.sh
>> # approx 40. row ("Magic to make /proc/bus/usb work") remove # from
>> following 4 rows:
>>       mkdir -p /dev/bus/usb/.usbfs
>>       domount usbfs "" /dev/bus/usb/.usbfs
>> -obusmode=0700,devmode=0600,listmode=0644 ln -s .usbfs/devices
>> /dev/bus/usb/devices
>>       mount --rbind /dev/bus/usb /proc/bus/usb
>> # you can set here also devmode=644, then probably you don't need to add
>> those two lines below into /etc/rc.local
>> # save (F3) and quit (F2)
>> # sudo /etc/init.d/mountdevsubfs.sh stop
>> # sudo /etc/init.d/mountdevsubfs.sh start
>> # sudo /etc/init.d/vboxdrv reload
>> Also I added following two lines into /etc/rc.local :
>> VBOX=$(grep vboxusers /etc/group | sed 's/vboxusers:x:\(.*\):.*/\1/')
>> mount -t usbfs -o devgid=$VBOX,devmode=664,nodev,noexec,nosuid none
>> /proc/bus/usb
>> Note that in /etc/rc.local there must be the word "exit 0" always the last
>> and always at least one empty row at the end.
>> Then my USB support works flawlessly under Linux and VirtualBox. When I
>> assign USB-stick into virtualmachine in configuration dialog, then when I
>> plug in that USB-stick - it will directly work under virtual machine.
>> VirtualBox 2.1.4 has also experimental 3D support. In VM Ware Server I
>> tweaked some conf files to get it work but it wasn't stable - next restart
>> and 3D support was lost under VM Ware Server. VirtualBox 3D support seems
>> to be more stable. More reading about VM Ware 3D support -
>> http://www.vmware.com/support/ws55/doc/ws_vidsound_d3d_enabling_vm.html
>> I've used VM Ware Workstation under Linux and Windows several years but now
>> I use VirtualBox, because it works faster and frequent updates are coming -
>> development is at good level. Also VirtualBox installation especially under
>> Linux works much-much better than VM Ware installation.
>> VM Ware Server kernel modules are buggy for Linux and it's real pain to get
>> it work. You need to patch VM Ware modules and recompile and repack them
>> again, etc. For that you need build-essential package and also kernel
>> headers, which adds tons of new packages to your system, which you normally
>> don't need. VirtualBox installation over APT works flawlessly and also
>> kernel modules are compiled very easily and always succeeded. This reason
>> has been main reason why I took VirtualBox and use it now.
>> Perhaps under windows there is VM Ware Server easier to install and there
>> is no big difference but VirtualBox is lightweight and works faster for me,
>> especially switching between full screen and windowed mode.
>> VM Ware Server needs registration at VM Ware webpage to get free licence
>> keys to install. VirtualBox has no licence keys and you can install it
>> right now.
>> So, VirtualBox has quite much advantages against free VM Ware Server and
>> VirtualBox is also completely free and there is also OpenSource Edition of
>> VirtualBox available. VM Ware doesn't give almost any source out, if then
>> some small kernel modules.
>> But as always - it depends all your needs. E.g. VM Ware Server allows to
>> boot operatings systems over internet - you can log in as regular user to
>> the Windows PC and run virtual maschine installed in there over internet in
>> your PC. I think it should work also under Linux but never tested. It was
>> damn slow and has no point, perhaps in internal network.
>> Best Regards,
>> Edmund Laugasson
> VI Conferencia Internacional de Energía Renovable, Ahorro de Energía y Educación Energética
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