m4a->mp3 help

Nils Kassube kassube at gmx.net
Sun Oct 12 12:20:38 BST 2008

Jonas Norlander wrote:
> 2008/10/12 Nils Kassube <kassube at gmx.net>:
> > You could try this:
> >
> > find ~/Music -iname "*.m4a" | while read fn;do
> > lame -V0 -h -b 160 --vbr-new "$fn" "${fn%[mM]4[aA]}mp3";done
> Intresting. Do you mind explain the "${fn%[mM]4[aA]}mp3" part? I
> understand that it will replace m4a with mp3 but i don't understand
> how.

The bash syntax ${fn%m4a} would result in the environment variable $fn 
with m4a cut off from the end of the string. However this would only work 
if the m4a part is lower case only. However the find option -iname would 
also find files with upper case file names. Therefore I used "[mM]" 
instead of "m" alone and "[aA]" instead of "a" alone as wildcards because 
it will work for both upper and lower case. Finally I want to add "mp3" 
to the end of the string which results in "${fn%[mM]4[aA]}mp3" and the 
quotes are added just in case there are spaces within the original file 
name. If that explanation wasn't good enough, feel free to ask again.

> It should be possible with some sed script  to. 

Well, if you speak sed that is certainly possible but that would 
unnecessarily start sed for every filename :)


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