[SRU][Bionic][PATCH 0/3] NFSv4.1: Interrupted connections cause high bandwidth RPC ping-pong between client and server

Matthew Ruffell matthew.ruffell at canonical.com
Wed Jul 29 04:39:59 UTC 2020

BugLink: https://bugs.launchpad.net/bugs/1887607


There is a bug in NFS v4.1 that causes a large amount of RPC calls between a 
client and server when a previous RPC call is interrupted. This uses a large 
amount of bandwidth and can saturate the network.

The symptoms are so:

* On NFS clients:
Attempts to access mounted NFS shares associated with the affected server block 

* On the network:
A storm of repeated RPCs between NFS client and server uses a lot of bandwidth. 
Each RPC is acknowledged by the server with an NFS4ERR_SEQ_MISORDERED error.

* Other NFS clients connected to the same NFS server:
Performance drops dramatically.

This occurs during a "false retry", when a client attempts to make a new RPC 
call using a slot+sequence number that references an older, cached call. This 
happens when a user process interrupts an RPC call that is in progress.

I had previously fixed this for Disco in bug 1828978, and now a customer has run
into the issue in Bionic. A reproducer is supplied in the testcase section, 
which was something missing from bug 1828978, since we never determined how the 
issue actually occurred back then.


This was fixed in 5.1 upstream with the below commit:

commit 3453d5708b33efe76f40eca1c0ed60923094b971
Author: Trond Myklebust <trond.myklebust at hammerspace.com>
Date: Wed Jun 20 17:53:34 2018 -0400
Subject: NFSv4.1: Avoid false retries when RPC calls are interrupted

The fix is to pre-emptively increment the sequence number if an RPC call is 
interrupted, and to address corner cases we interpret the NFS4ERR_SEQ_MISORDERED 
error as a sign we need to locate an appropriate sequence number between the 
value we sent, and the last successfully acked SEQUENCE call.

The commit also requires two fixup commits, which landed in 5.5 and 5.8-rc6 

commit 5c441544f045e679afd6c3c6d9f7aaf5fa5f37b0
Author: Trond Myklebust <trond.myklebust at hammerspace.com>
Date:   Wed Nov 13 08:34:00 2019 +0100
Subject: NFSv4.x: Handle bad/dead sessions correctly in nfs41_sequence_process()

commit 913fadc5b105c3619d9e8d0fe8899ff1593cc737
Author: Anna Schumaker <Anna.Schumaker at Netapp.com>
Date:   Wed Jul 8 10:33:40 2020 -0400
Subject: NFS: Fix interrupted slots by sending a solo SEQUENCE operation

Commits 3453d5708b33efe76f40eca1c0ed60923094b971 and 
913fadc5b105c3619d9e8d0fe8899ff1593cc737 require small backports to bionic, as 
struct rpc_cred changed to const struct cred in 5.0, and the backports swap them 
back to struct rpc_cred since that is how 4.15 works.


You will need four machines. The first, is a kerberos KDC. Set up Kerberos 
correctly and create new service principals for the NFS server and for the 
client. I used: nfs/nfskerb.mydomain.com and nfs/client.mydomain.com.

The second machine will be a NFS server with the krb5p share. Add the nfs server 
kerberos keys to the system's keytab, and set up a NFS server that exports a 
directory with sec=krb5p. Example export:
/mnt/secretfolder *.mydomain.com(rw,sync,no_subtree_check,sec=krb5p)

The third machine is a regular NFS server. Export a directory with normal 
sec=sys security. Example export:
/mnt/sharedfolder *.mydomain.com(rw,sync)

The fourth is a desktop machine. Add the client kerberos keys to the system's 
keytab. Mount both NFS shares, making sure to use the NFS v4.2 protocol. I used 
the commands:
mount -t nfs4 nfskerb.mydomain.com:/mnt/secretfolder /mnt/secretfolder_client/
mount -t nfs4 nfs.mydomain.com:/mnt/sharedfolder /mnt/sharedfolder_client

Check "mount -l" to ensure that NFS v4.2 is used:
nfskerb.mydomain.com:/mnt/secretfolder on /mnt/secretfolder_client type nfs4 
nfs.mydomain.com:/mnt/sharedfolder on /mnt/sharedfolder_client type nfs4 

Generate some files full of random data. I found 20MB from /dev/random works 

Open each NFS share up in tabs in Nautilus. Copy the random data files to the 
sec=sys NFS share. When they are done, one at a time cut and then paste the file 
into the sec=krb5p NFS share. The bug will trigger either on the first, or 
subsequent tries, but less than 10 tries are needed usually.

There is a test kernel available in the following PPA:

If you install the test kernel, files will cut and paste correctly, and NFS will 
work as expected.

[Regression Potential]

The changes are localised to NFS v4.1 and 4.2 only, and other versions of NFS 
are not affected. If a regression occurs, users can downgrade NFS versions to 
v4.0 or v3.x until a fix is made.

The changes only impact when connections are interrupted, and under typical blue 
sky scenarios would not be invoked.

There have been several attempts to fix this in the past, starting with
f9312a541050 "NFSv4.1: Fix the client behaviour on NFS4ERR_SEQ_FALSE_RETRY", and
stemming to the commit mentioned in the fix section, along with its two other
fixup commits. This seems to be an ongoing issue where edge cases crop up.
I won't be surprised if there are further commits down the line.

[Other Info]

When I first submitted this fix for SRU, I believed that the fix was:

commit 02ef04e432babf8fc703104212314e54112ecd2d
Author: Chuck Lever <chuck.lever at oracle.com>
Date: Mon Feb 11 11:25:25 2019 -0500
Subject: NFS: Account for XDR pad of buf->pages

This is not the case. This was a false positive fix. What it did was break NFSv4 
GETACL and FS_LOCATIONS requests. When you tried to reproduce, the calls were 
never made since they were broken, and thus could not be interrupted, and 
cutting and pasting files worked fine.

When you applied the fixup commit 29e7ca715f2a0b6c0a99b1aec1b0956d1f271955 to 
fix NFSv4 GETACL and FS_LOCATIONS requests, the problem returns, as GETACL and 
FS_LOCATIONS are free to be interrupted and start a high bandwidth ping pong.

Anna Schumaker (1):
  NFS: Fix interrupted slots by sending a solo SEQUENCE operation

Trond Myklebust (2):
  NFSv4.1: Avoid false retries when RPC calls are interrupted
  NFSv4.x: Handle bad/dead sessions correctly in

 fs/nfs/nfs4proc.c    | 155 +++++++++++++++++++++++++------------------
 fs/nfs/nfs4session.c |   5 +-
 fs/nfs/nfs4session.h |   5 +-
 3 files changed, 96 insertions(+), 69 deletions(-)


More information about the kernel-team mailing list