[PATCH 5/6] iommu/vt-d: Do not enable ATS for untrusted devices

Aaron Ma aaron.ma at canonical.com
Fri Mar 15 05:00:07 UTC 2019

From: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg at linux.intel.com>

BugLink: https://bugs.launchpad.net/bugs/1820153

Currently Linux automatically enables ATS (Address Translation Service)
for any device that supports it (and IOMMU is turned on). ATS is used to
accelerate DMA access as the device can cache translations locally so
there is no need to do full translation on IOMMU side. However, as
pointed out in [1] ATS can be used to bypass IOMMU based security
completely by simply sending PCIe read/write transaction with AT
(Address Translation) field set to "translated".

To mitigate this modify the Intel IOMMU code so that it does not enable
ATS for any device that is marked as being untrusted. In case this turns
out to cause performance issues we may selectively allow ATS based on
user decision but currently use big hammer and disable it completely to
be on the safe side.

[1] https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/274352

Signed-off-by: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg at linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj at intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel at suse.de>
Acked-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel at suse.de>
(cherry picked from commit fb58fdcd295b914ece1d829b24df00a17a9624bc)
Signed-off-by: Aaron Ma <aaron.ma at canonical.com>
 drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c | 3 ++-
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
index 8f3ab84163b2..21ecab995cb2 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
@@ -1515,7 +1515,8 @@ static void iommu_enable_dev_iotlb(struct device_domain_info *info)
 	if (info->pri_supported && !pci_reset_pri(pdev) && !pci_enable_pri(pdev, 32))
 		info->pri_enabled = 1;
-	if (info->ats_supported && !pci_enable_ats(pdev, VTD_PAGE_SHIFT)) {
+	if (!pdev->untrusted && info->ats_supported &&
+	    !pci_enable_ats(pdev, VTD_PAGE_SHIFT)) {
 		info->ats_enabled = 1;
 		info->ats_qdep = pci_ats_queue_depth(pdev);

More information about the kernel-team mailing list