[SRU][X][PATCH 0/2] Fixes for LP: #1715519/CVE 2018-1000026
daniel.axtens at canonical.com
Mon Feb 12 04:41:58 UTC 2018
From: Daniel Axtens <dja at axtens.net>
A ppc64le system runs as a guest under PowerVM. This guest has a bnx2x
card attached, and uses openvswitch to bridge an ibmveth interface for
traffic from other LPARs.
We see the following crash sometimes when running netperf:
May 10 17:16:32 tuk6r1phn2 kernel: bnx2x: [bnx2x_attn_int_deasserted3:4323(enP24p1s0f2)]MC assert!
May 10 17:16:32 tuk6r1phn2 kernel: bnx2x: [bnx2x_mc_assert:720(enP24p1s0f2)]XSTORM_ASSERT_LIST_INDEX 0x2
May 10 17:16:32 tuk6r1phn2 kernel: bnx2x: [bnx2x_mc_assert:736(enP24p1s0f2)]XSTORM_ASSERT_INDEX 0x0 = 0x00000000 0x25e42a7e 0x00462a38 0x00010052
May 10 17:16:32 tuk6r1phn2 kernel: bnx2x: [bnx2x_mc_assert:750(enP24p1s0f2)]Chip Revision: everest3, FW Version: 7_13_1
May 10 17:16:32 tuk6r1phn2 kernel: bnx2x: [bnx2x_attn_int_deasserted3:4329(enP24p1s0f2)]driver assert
May 10 17:16:32 tuk6r1phn2 kernel: bnx2x: [bnx2x_panic_dump:923(enP24p1s0f2)]begin crash dump -----------------
... (dump of registers follows) ...
Subsequent debugging reveals that the packets causing the issue come
through the ibmveth interface - from the AIX LPAR. The veth protocol
is 'special' - communication between LPARs on the same chassis can use
very large (64k) frames to reduce overhead. Normal networks cannot
handle such large packets, so traditionally, the VIOS partition would
signal to the AIX partitions that it was 'special', and AIX would send
regular, ethernet-sized packets to VIOS, which VIOS would then send
This signalling between VIOS and AIX is done in a way that is not
standards-compliant, and so was never made part of Linux. Instead, the
Linux driver has always understood large frames and passed them up the
In some cases (e.g. with TCP), multiple TCP segments are coalesced
into one large packet. In Linux, this goes through the generic receive
offload code, using a similar mechanism to GSO. These segments can be
very large which presents as a very large MSS (maximum segment size)
Normally, the large packet is simply passed to whatever network
application on Linux is going to consume it, and everything is OK.
However, in this case, the packets go through Open vSwitch, and are
then passed to the bnx2x driver. The bnx2x driver/hardware supports
TSO and GSO, but with a restriction: the maximum segment size is
limited to around 9700 bytes. Normally this is more than
adequate. However, if a large packet with very large (>9700 byte) TCP
segments arrives through ibmveth, and is passed to bnx2x, the hardware
bnx2x card panics, requiring power cycle to restore functionality.
The workaround is turning off TSO, which prevents the crash as the
kernel resegments *all* packets in software, not just ones that are
too big. This has a performance cost.
Test packet size in bnx2x feature check path and disable GSO if it is
A/B/X: The changes to the network core are easily reviewed. The
changes to behaviour are limited to the bnx2x card driver.
The most likely failure case is a false-positive on the size check,
which would lead to a performance regression only.
T: This also involves a different change to the networking core to add
the old-style GSO checking, which is more invasive. However the
changes are simple and easily reviewed.
Daniel Axtens (2):
net: create skb_gso_validate_mac_len()
bnx2x: disable GSO where gso_size is too big for hardware
drivers/net/ethernet/broadcom/bnx2x/bnx2x_main.c | 15 +++++++++
include/linux/skbuff.h | 16 +++++++++
net/core/skbuff.c | 42 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
net/sched/sch_tbf.c | 10 ------
4 files changed, 73 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
More information about the kernel-team