[PATCH 1/1] mremap: properly flush TLB before releasing the page

Tyler Hicks tyhicks at canonical.com
Thu Dec 6 22:15:38 UTC 2018

From: Linus Torvalds <torvalds at linux-foundation.org>

Commit eb66ae030829605d61fbef1909ce310e29f78821 upstream.

This is a backport to stable 4.4.y.

Jann Horn points out that our TLB flushing was subtly wrong for the
mremap() case.  What makes mremap() special is that we don't follow the
usual "add page to list of pages to be freed, then flush tlb, and then
free pages".  No, mremap() obviously just _moves_ the page from one page
table location to another.

That matters, because mremap() thus doesn't directly control the
lifetime of the moved page with a freelist: instead, the lifetime of the
page is controlled by the page table locking, that serializes access to
the entry.

As a result, we need to flush the TLB not just before releasing the lock
for the source location (to avoid any concurrent accesses to the entry),
but also before we release the destination page table lock (to avoid the
TLB being flushed after somebody else has already done something to that

This also makes the whole "need_flush" logic unnecessary, since we now
always end up flushing the TLB for every valid entry.

Reported-and-tested-by: Jann Horn <jannh at google.com>
Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon at arm.com>
Tested-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo at kernel.org>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz at infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds at linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh at linuxfoundation.org>
[will: backport to 4.4 stable]
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon at arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh at linuxfoundation.org>


(backported from commit 2e3ae534fb98c7a6a5cf3e80a190181154328f80 linux-stable)
[tyhicks: Context change; pmdp_huge_get_and_clear() -> pmdp_get_and_clear()]
[tyhicks: Context change; i_mmap_rwsem -> i_mmap_mutex in a comment]
Signed-off-by: Tyler Hicks <tyhicks at canonical.com>
 mm/huge_memory.c |  6 +++++-
 mm/mremap.c      | 21 ++++++++++++++++-----
 2 files changed, 21 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
index 0ac4174cc690..fa27a34c82f0 100644
--- a/mm/huge_memory.c
+++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
@@ -1480,7 +1480,7 @@ int move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma,
 	spinlock_t *old_ptl, *new_ptl;
 	int ret = 0;
 	pmd_t pmd;
+	bool force_flush = false;
 	struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
 	if ((old_addr & ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK) ||
@@ -1508,6 +1508,8 @@ int move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma,
 		if (new_ptl != old_ptl)
 			spin_lock_nested(new_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
 		pmd = pmdp_get_and_clear(mm, old_addr, old_pmd);
+		if (pmd_present(pmd))
+			force_flush = true;
 		if (pmd_move_must_withdraw(new_ptl, old_ptl)) {
@@ -1516,6 +1518,8 @@ int move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma,
 			pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(mm, new_pmd, pgtable);
 		set_pmd_at(mm, new_addr, new_pmd, pmd_mksoft_dirty(pmd));
+		if (force_flush)
+			flush_tlb_range(vma, old_addr, old_addr + PMD_SIZE);
 		if (new_ptl != old_ptl)
diff --git a/mm/mremap.c b/mm/mremap.c
index 05f1180e9f21..6b915164d136 100644
--- a/mm/mremap.c
+++ b/mm/mremap.c
@@ -97,6 +97,8 @@ static void move_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *old_pmd,
 	struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
 	pte_t *old_pte, *new_pte, pte;
 	spinlock_t *old_ptl, *new_ptl;
+	bool force_flush = false;
+	unsigned long len = old_end - old_addr;
 	 * When need_rmap_locks is true, we take the i_mmap_mutex and anon_vma
@@ -143,12 +145,26 @@ static void move_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *old_pmd,
 		if (pte_none(*old_pte))
 		pte = ptep_get_and_clear(mm, old_addr, old_pte);
+		/*
+		 * If we are remapping a valid PTE, make sure
+		 * to flush TLB before we drop the PTL for the PTE.
+		 *
+		 * NOTE! Both old and new PTL matter: the old one
+		 * for racing with page_mkclean(), the new one to
+		 * make sure the physical page stays valid until
+		 * the TLB entry for the old mapping has been
+		 * flushed.
+		 */
+		if (pte_present(pte))
+			force_flush = true;
 		pte = move_pte(pte, new_vma->vm_page_prot, old_addr, new_addr);
 		pte = move_soft_dirty_pte(pte);
 		set_pte_at(mm, new_addr, new_pte, pte);
+	if (force_flush)
+		flush_tlb_range(vma, old_end - len, old_end);
 	if (new_ptl != old_ptl)
 	pte_unmap(new_pte - 1);
@@ -168,7 +184,6 @@ unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 	unsigned long extent, next, old_end;
 	pmd_t *old_pmd, *new_pmd;
-	bool need_flush = false;
 	unsigned long mmun_start;	/* For mmu_notifiers */
 	unsigned long mmun_end;		/* For mmu_notifiers */
@@ -206,7 +221,6 @@ unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 			if (err > 0) {
-				need_flush = true;
 			} else if (!err) {
 				split_huge_page_pmd(vma, old_addr, old_pmd);
@@ -223,10 +237,7 @@ unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 			extent = LATENCY_LIMIT;
 		move_ptes(vma, old_pmd, old_addr, old_addr + extent,
 			  new_vma, new_pmd, new_addr, need_rmap_locks);
-		need_flush = true;
-	if (likely(need_flush))
-		flush_tlb_range(vma, old_end-len, old_addr);
 	mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(vma->vm_mm, mmun_start, mmun_end);

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