[SRU][Bionic][PATCH 2/2] KVM: PPC: Check if IOMMU page is contained in the pinned physical page

Joseph Salisbury joseph.salisbury at canonical.com
Fri Aug 31 13:55:20 UTC 2018


From: Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik at ozlabs.ru>

BugLink: https://bugs.launchpad.net/bugs/1785675

A VM which has:
 - a DMA capable device passed through to it (eg. network card);
 - running a malicious kernel that ignores H_PUT_TCE failure;
 - capability of using IOMMU pages bigger that physical pages
can create an IOMMU mapping that exposes (for example) 16MB of
the host physical memory to the device when only 64K was allocated to the VM.

The remaining 16MB - 64K will be some other content of host memory, possibly
including pages of the VM, but also pages of host kernel memory, host
programs or other VMs.

The attacking VM does not control the location of the page it can map,
and is only allowed to map as many pages as it has pages of RAM.

We already have a check in drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_spapr_tce.c that
an IOMMU page is contained in the physical page so the PCI hardware won't
get access to unassigned host memory; however this check is missing in
the KVM fastpath (H_PUT_TCE accelerated code). We were lucky so far and
did not hit this yet as the very first time when the mapping happens
we do not have tbl::it_userspace allocated yet and fall back to
the userspace which in turn calls VFIO IOMMU driver, this fails and
the guest does not retry,

This stores the smallest preregistered page size in the preregistered
region descriptor and changes the mm_iommu_xxx API to check this against
the IOMMU page size.

This calculates maximum page size as a minimum of the natural region
alignment and compound page size. For the page shift this uses the shift
returned by find_linux_pte() which indicates how the page is mapped to
the current userspace - if the page is huge and this is not a zero, then
it is a leaf pte and the page is mapped within the range.

Fixes: 121f80ba68f1 ("KVM: PPC: VFIO: Add in-kernel acceleration for VFIO")
Cc: stable at vger.kernel.org # v4.12+
Signed-off-by: Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik at ozlabs.ru>
Reviewed-by: David Gibson <david at gibson.dropbear.id.au>
Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe at ellerman.id.au>
(backported from commit 76fa4975f3ed12d15762bc979ca44078598ed8ee)
Signed-off-by: Joseph Salisbury <joseph.salisbury at canonical.com>
---
 arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu_context.h |  4 ++--
 arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_64_vio.c       |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_64_vio_hv.c    |  6 ++++--
 arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_iommu.c    | 37 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_spapr_tce.c    |  2 +-
 5 files changed, 43 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu_context.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu_context.h
index 4f8a03c..34101fc 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu_context.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu_context.h
@@ -35,9 +35,9 @@ extern struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mm_iommu_lookup_rm(
 extern struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mm_iommu_find(struct mm_struct *mm,
 		unsigned long ua, unsigned long entries);
 extern long mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa(struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem,
-		unsigned long ua, unsigned long *hpa);
+		unsigned long ua, unsigned int pageshift, unsigned long *hpa);
 extern long mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa_rm(struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem,
-		unsigned long ua, unsigned long *hpa);
+		unsigned long ua, unsigned int pageshift, unsigned long *hpa);
 extern long mm_iommu_mapped_inc(struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem);
 extern void mm_iommu_mapped_dec(struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem);
 #endif
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_64_vio.c b/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_64_vio.c
index 4dffa61..e14cec6 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_64_vio.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_64_vio.c
@@ -433,7 +433,7 @@ long kvmppc_tce_iommu_map(struct kvm *kvm, struct iommu_table *tbl,
 		/* This only handles v2 IOMMU type, v1 is handled via ioctl() */
 		return H_TOO_HARD;
 
-	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa(mem, ua, &hpa)))
+	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa(mem, ua, tbl->it_page_shift, &hpa)))
 		return H_HARDWARE;
 
 	if (mm_iommu_mapped_inc(mem))
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_64_vio_hv.c b/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_64_vio_hv.c
index c32e9bfe..648cf6c 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_64_vio_hv.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_64_vio_hv.c
@@ -262,7 +262,8 @@ static long kvmppc_rm_tce_iommu_map(struct kvm *kvm, struct iommu_table *tbl,
 	if (!mem)
 		return H_TOO_HARD;
 
-	if (WARN_ON_ONCE_RM(mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa_rm(mem, ua, &hpa)))
+	if (WARN_ON_ONCE_RM(mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa_rm(mem, ua, tbl->it_page_shift,
+			&hpa)))
 		return H_HARDWARE;
 
 	pua = (void *) vmalloc_to_phys(pua);
@@ -431,7 +432,8 @@ long kvmppc_rm_h_put_tce_indirect(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
 
 		mem = mm_iommu_lookup_rm(vcpu->kvm->mm, ua, IOMMU_PAGE_SIZE_4K);
 		if (mem)
-			prereg = mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa_rm(mem, ua, &tces) == 0;
+			prereg = mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa_rm(mem, ua,
+					IOMMU_PAGE_SHIFT_4K, &tces) == 0;
 	}
 
 	if (!prereg) {
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_iommu.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_iommu.c
index e0a2d8e..8160559 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_iommu.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_iommu.c
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
 #include <linux/hugetlb.h>
 #include <linux/swap.h>
 #include <asm/mmu_context.h>
+#include <asm/pte-walk.h>
 
 static DEFINE_MUTEX(mem_list_mutex);
 
@@ -27,6 +28,7 @@ struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t {
 	struct rcu_head rcu;
 	unsigned long used;
 	atomic64_t mapped;
+	unsigned int pageshift;
 	u64 ua;			/* userspace address */
 	u64 entries;		/* number of entries in hpas[] */
 	u64 *hpas;		/* vmalloc'ed */
@@ -126,6 +128,8 @@ long mm_iommu_get(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long ua, unsigned long entries,
 {
 	struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem;
 	long i, j, ret = 0, locked_entries = 0;
+	unsigned int pageshift;
+	unsigned long flags;
 	struct page *page = NULL;
 
 	mutex_lock(&mem_list_mutex);
@@ -160,6 +164,12 @@ long mm_iommu_get(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long ua, unsigned long entries,
 		goto unlock_exit;
 	}
 
+	/*
+	 * For a starting point for a maximum page size calculation
+	 * we use @ua and @entries natural alignment to allow IOMMU pages
+	 * smaller than huge pages but still bigger than PAGE_SIZE.
+	 */
+	mem->pageshift = __ffs(ua | (entries << PAGE_SHIFT));
 	mem->hpas = vzalloc(entries * sizeof(mem->hpas[0]));
 	if (!mem->hpas) {
 		kfree(mem);
@@ -200,6 +210,23 @@ long mm_iommu_get(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long ua, unsigned long entries,
 			}
 		}
 populate:
+		pageshift = PAGE_SHIFT;
+		if (PageCompound(page)) {
+			pte_t *pte;
+			struct page *head = compound_head(page);
+			unsigned int compshift = compound_order(head);
+
+			local_irq_save(flags); /* disables as well */
+			pte = find_linux_pte(mm->pgd, ua, NULL, &pageshift);
+			local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+			/* Double check it is still the same pinned page */
+			if (pte && pte_page(*pte) == head &&
+					pageshift == compshift)
+				pageshift = max_t(unsigned int, pageshift,
+						PAGE_SHIFT);
+		}
+		mem->pageshift = min(mem->pageshift, pageshift);
 		mem->hpas[i] = page_to_pfn(page) << PAGE_SHIFT;
 	}
 
@@ -350,7 +377,7 @@ struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mm_iommu_find(struct mm_struct *mm,
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mm_iommu_find);
 
 long mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa(struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem,
-		unsigned long ua, unsigned long *hpa)
+		unsigned long ua, unsigned int pageshift, unsigned long *hpa)
 {
 	const long entry = (ua - mem->ua) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
 	u64 *va = &mem->hpas[entry];
@@ -358,6 +385,9 @@ long mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa(struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem,
 	if (entry >= mem->entries)
 		return -EFAULT;
 
+	if (pageshift > mem->pageshift)
+		return -EFAULT;
+
 	*hpa = *va | (ua & ~PAGE_MASK);
 
 	return 0;
@@ -365,7 +395,7 @@ long mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa(struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem,
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa);
 
 long mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa_rm(struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem,
-		unsigned long ua, unsigned long *hpa)
+		unsigned long ua, unsigned int pageshift, unsigned long *hpa)
 {
 	const long entry = (ua - mem->ua) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
 	void *va = &mem->hpas[entry];
@@ -374,6 +404,9 @@ long mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa_rm(struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem,
 	if (entry >= mem->entries)
 		return -EFAULT;
 
+	if (pageshift > mem->pageshift)
+		return -EFAULT;
+
 	pa = (void *) vmalloc_to_phys(va);
 	if (!pa)
 		return -EFAULT;
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_spapr_tce.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_spapr_tce.c
index 2da5f05..7cd63b0 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_spapr_tce.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_spapr_tce.c
@@ -467,7 +467,7 @@ static int tce_iommu_prereg_ua_to_hpa(struct tce_container *container,
 	if (!mem)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
-	ret = mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa(mem, tce, phpa);
+	ret = mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa(mem, tce, shift, phpa);
 	if (ret)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
-- 
2.7.4





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