[SRU][Zesty][PATCH 2/4] powerpc/powernv/smp: Add busy-wait loop as fall back for CPU-Hotplug

Joseph Salisbury joseph.salisbury at canonical.com
Wed May 17 10:51:09 UTC 2017

From: "Gautham R. Shenoy" <ego at linux.vnet.ibm.com>

BugLink: http://bugs.launchpad.net/bugs/1685792

Currently, the powernv cpu-offline function assumes that platform idle
states such as stop on POWER9, winkle/sleep/nap on POWER8 are always
available. On POWER8, it picks nap as the default state if other deep
idle states like sleep/winkle are not available and enabled in the

On POWER9, nap is not available and all idle states are managed by
STOP instruction.  The parameters to the idle state are passed through
processor stop status control register (PSSCR).  Hence as such
executing STOP would take parameters from current PSSCR. We do not
want to make any assumptions in kernel on what STOP states and PSSCR
features are configured by the platform.

Ideally platform will configure a good set of stop states that can be
used in the kernel.  We would like to start with a clean slate, if the
platform choose to not configure any state or there is an error in
platform firmware that lead to no stop states being configured or
allowed to be requested.

This patch adds a fallback method for CPU-Hotplug that is similar to
snooze loop at idle where the threads are left to spin at low priority
and hence reduce the cycles consumed.

This is a safe fallback mechanism in the case when no stop state would
be requested if the platform firmware did not configure them most
likely due to an error condition.

Requesting a stop state when the platform has not configured them or
enabled them would lead to further error conditions which could be
difficult to debug.

[Changelog written with inputs from svaidy at linux.vnet.ibm.com]
Reviewed-by: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin at gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Gautham R. Shenoy <ego at linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe at ellerman.id.au>

(cherry picked from commit 9006123157886acc47bdc17e26c933d710b8d6cd)
Signed-off-by: Joseph Salisbury <joseph.salisbury at canonical.com>
 arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/idle.c | 10 +++++++++-
 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/idle.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/idle.c
index 419edff..f335e0f 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/idle.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/idle.c
@@ -283,8 +283,16 @@ unsigned long pnv_cpu_offline(unsigned int cpu)
 	} else if ((idle_states & OPAL_PM_SLEEP_ENABLED) ||
 		   (idle_states & OPAL_PM_SLEEP_ENABLED_ER1)) {
 		srr1 = power7_sleep();
-	} else {
+	} else if (idle_states & OPAL_PM_NAP_ENABLED) {
 		srr1 = power7_nap(1);
+	} else {
+		/* This is the fallback method. We emulate snooze */
+		while (!generic_check_cpu_restart(cpu)) {
+			HMT_low();
+			HMT_very_low();
+		}
+		srr1 = 0;
+		HMT_medium();
 	return srr1;

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