[3.19.y-ckt stable] Patch "usb: core: hub: hub_port_init lock controller instead of bus" has been added to the 3.19.y-ckt tree

Kamal Mostafa kamal at canonical.com
Wed Jul 6 21:00:17 UTC 2016


This is a note to let you know that I have just added a patch titled

    usb: core: hub: hub_port_init lock controller instead of bus

to the linux-3.19.y-queue branch of the 3.19.y-ckt extended stable tree 
which can be found at:

    https://git.launchpad.net/~canonical-kernel/linux/+git/linux-stable-ckt/log/?h=linux-3.19.y-queue

This patch is scheduled to be released in version 3.19.8-ckt23.

If you, or anyone else, feels it should not be added to this tree, please 
reply to this email.

For more information about the 3.19.y-ckt tree, see
https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Kernel/Dev/ExtendedStable

Thanks.
-Kamal

---8<------------------------------------------------------------

>From e4546ed4b933931ebecbab0abb40ac65753a8d0a Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Chris Bainbridge <chris.bainbridge at gmail.com>
Date: Mon, 25 Apr 2016 13:48:38 +0100
Subject: usb: core: hub: hub_port_init lock controller instead of bus

commit feb26ac31a2a5cb88d86680d9a94916a6343e9e6 upstream.

The XHCI controller presents two USB buses to the system - one for USB2
and one for USB3. The hub init code (hub_port_init) is reentrant but
only locks one bus per thread, leading to a race condition failure when
two threads attempt to simultaneously initialise a USB2 and USB3 device:

[    8.034843] xhci_hcd 0000:00:14.0: Timeout while waiting for setup device command
[   13.183701] usb 3-3: device descriptor read/all, error -110

On a test system this failure occurred on 6% of all boots.

The call traces at the point of failure are:

Call Trace:
 [<ffffffff81b9bab7>] schedule+0x37/0x90
 [<ffffffff817da7cd>] usb_kill_urb+0x8d/0xd0
 [<ffffffff8111e5e0>] ? wake_up_atomic_t+0x30/0x30
 [<ffffffff817dafbe>] usb_start_wait_urb+0xbe/0x150
 [<ffffffff817db10c>] usb_control_msg+0xbc/0xf0
 [<ffffffff817d07de>] hub_port_init+0x51e/0xb70
 [<ffffffff817d4697>] hub_event+0x817/0x1570
 [<ffffffff810f3e6f>] process_one_work+0x1ff/0x620
 [<ffffffff810f3dcf>] ? process_one_work+0x15f/0x620
 [<ffffffff810f4684>] worker_thread+0x64/0x4b0
 [<ffffffff810f4620>] ? rescuer_thread+0x390/0x390
 [<ffffffff810fa7f5>] kthread+0x105/0x120
 [<ffffffff810fa6f0>] ? kthread_create_on_node+0x200/0x200
 [<ffffffff81ba183f>] ret_from_fork+0x3f/0x70
 [<ffffffff810fa6f0>] ? kthread_create_on_node+0x200/0x200

Call Trace:
 [<ffffffff817fd36d>] xhci_setup_device+0x53d/0xa40
 [<ffffffff817fd87e>] xhci_address_device+0xe/0x10
 [<ffffffff817d047f>] hub_port_init+0x1bf/0xb70
 [<ffffffff811247ed>] ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0x10
 [<ffffffff817d4697>] hub_event+0x817/0x1570
 [<ffffffff810f3e6f>] process_one_work+0x1ff/0x620
 [<ffffffff810f3dcf>] ? process_one_work+0x15f/0x620
 [<ffffffff810f4684>] worker_thread+0x64/0x4b0
 [<ffffffff810f4620>] ? rescuer_thread+0x390/0x390
 [<ffffffff810fa7f5>] kthread+0x105/0x120
 [<ffffffff810fa6f0>] ? kthread_create_on_node+0x200/0x200
 [<ffffffff81ba183f>] ret_from_fork+0x3f/0x70
 [<ffffffff810fa6f0>] ? kthread_create_on_node+0x200/0x200

Which results from the two call chains:

hub_port_init
 usb_get_device_descriptor
  usb_get_descriptor
   usb_control_msg
    usb_internal_control_msg
     usb_start_wait_urb
      usb_submit_urb / wait_for_completion_timeout / usb_kill_urb

hub_port_init
 hub_set_address
  xhci_address_device
   xhci_setup_device

Mathias Nyman explains the current behaviour violates the XHCI spec:

 hub_port_reset() will end up moving the corresponding xhci device slot
 to default state.

 As hub_port_reset() is called several times in hub_port_init() it
 sounds reasonable that we could end up with two threads having their
 xhci device slots in default state at the same time, which according to
 xhci 4.5.3 specs still is a big no no:

 "Note: Software shall not transition more than one Device Slot to the
  Default State at a time"

 So both threads fail at their next task after this.
 One fails to read the descriptor, and the other fails addressing the
 device.

Fix this in hub_port_init by locking the USB controller (instead of an
individual bus) to prevent simultaneous initialisation of both buses.

Fixes: 638139eb95d2 ("usb: hub: allow to process more usb hub events in parallel")
Link: https://lkml.org/lkml/2016/2/8/312
Link: https://lkml.org/lkml/2016/2/4/748
Signed-off-by: Chris Bainbridge <chris.bainbridge at gmail.com>
Acked-by: Mathias Nyman <mathias.nyman at linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh at linuxfoundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Kamal Mostafa <kamal at canonical.com>
---
 drivers/usb/core/hcd.c  | 15 +++++++++++++--
 drivers/usb/core/hub.c  |  8 ++++----
 include/linux/usb.h     |  3 +--
 include/linux/usb/hcd.h |  1 +
 4 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/usb/core/hcd.c b/drivers/usb/core/hcd.c
index 1c1385e..e47cfcd 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/core/hcd.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/core/hcd.c
@@ -915,7 +915,7 @@ static void usb_bus_init (struct usb_bus *bus)
 	bus->bandwidth_allocated = 0;
 	bus->bandwidth_int_reqs  = 0;
 	bus->bandwidth_isoc_reqs = 0;
-	mutex_init(&bus->usb_address0_mutex);
+	mutex_init(&bus->devnum_next_mutex);

 	INIT_LIST_HEAD (&bus->bus_list);
 }
@@ -2446,6 +2446,14 @@ struct usb_hcd *usb_create_shared_hcd(const struct hc_driver *driver,
 		return NULL;
 	}
 	if (primary_hcd == NULL) {
+		hcd->address0_mutex = kmalloc(sizeof(*hcd->address0_mutex),
+				GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!hcd->address0_mutex) {
+			kfree(hcd);
+			dev_dbg(dev, "hcd address0 mutex alloc failed\n");
+			return NULL;
+		}
+		mutex_init(hcd->address0_mutex);
 		hcd->bandwidth_mutex = kmalloc(sizeof(*hcd->bandwidth_mutex),
 				GFP_KERNEL);
 		if (!hcd->bandwidth_mutex) {
@@ -2457,6 +2465,7 @@ struct usb_hcd *usb_create_shared_hcd(const struct hc_driver *driver,
 		dev_set_drvdata(dev, hcd);
 	} else {
 		mutex_lock(&usb_port_peer_mutex);
+		hcd->address0_mutex = primary_hcd->address0_mutex;
 		hcd->bandwidth_mutex = primary_hcd->bandwidth_mutex;
 		hcd->primary_hcd = primary_hcd;
 		primary_hcd->primary_hcd = primary_hcd;
@@ -2523,8 +2532,10 @@ static void hcd_release(struct kref *kref)
 	struct usb_hcd *hcd = container_of (kref, struct usb_hcd, kref);

 	mutex_lock(&usb_port_peer_mutex);
-	if (usb_hcd_is_primary_hcd(hcd))
+	if (usb_hcd_is_primary_hcd(hcd)) {
+		kfree(hcd->address0_mutex);
 		kfree(hcd->bandwidth_mutex);
+	}
 	if (hcd->shared_hcd) {
 		struct usb_hcd *peer = hcd->shared_hcd;

diff --git a/drivers/usb/core/hub.c b/drivers/usb/core/hub.c
index 658d540..d965370 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/core/hub.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/core/hub.c
@@ -2066,7 +2066,7 @@ static void choose_devnum(struct usb_device *udev)
 	struct usb_bus	*bus = udev->bus;

 	/* be safe when more hub events are proceed in parallel */
-	mutex_lock(&bus->usb_address0_mutex);
+	mutex_lock(&bus->devnum_next_mutex);
 	if (udev->wusb) {
 		devnum = udev->portnum + 1;
 		BUG_ON(test_bit(devnum, bus->devmap.devicemap));
@@ -2084,7 +2084,7 @@ static void choose_devnum(struct usb_device *udev)
 		set_bit(devnum, bus->devmap.devicemap);
 		udev->devnum = devnum;
 	}
-	mutex_unlock(&bus->usb_address0_mutex);
+	mutex_unlock(&bus->devnum_next_mutex);
 }

 static void release_devnum(struct usb_device *udev)
@@ -4260,7 +4260,7 @@ hub_port_init (struct usb_hub *hub, struct usb_device *udev, int port1,
 	if (oldspeed == USB_SPEED_LOW)
 		delay = HUB_LONG_RESET_TIME;

-	mutex_lock(&hdev->bus->usb_address0_mutex);
+	mutex_lock(hcd->address0_mutex);

 	/* Reset the device; full speed may morph to high speed */
 	/* FIXME a USB 2.0 device may morph into SuperSpeed on reset. */
@@ -4542,7 +4542,7 @@ fail:
 		hub_port_disable(hub, port1, 0);
 		update_devnum(udev, devnum);	/* for disconnect processing */
 	}
-	mutex_unlock(&hdev->bus->usb_address0_mutex);
+	mutex_unlock(hcd->address0_mutex);
 	return retval;
 }

diff --git a/include/linux/usb.h b/include/linux/usb.h
index 335b413..fb5eba5 100644
--- a/include/linux/usb.h
+++ b/include/linux/usb.h
@@ -367,14 +367,13 @@ struct usb_bus {

 	int devnum_next;		/* Next open device number in
 					 * round-robin allocation */
+	struct mutex devnum_next_mutex; /* devnum_next mutex */

 	struct usb_devmap devmap;	/* device address allocation map */
 	struct usb_device *root_hub;	/* Root hub */
 	struct usb_bus *hs_companion;	/* Companion EHCI bus, if any */
 	struct list_head bus_list;	/* list of busses */

-	struct mutex usb_address0_mutex; /* unaddressed device mutex */
-
 	int bandwidth_allocated;	/* on this bus: how much of the time
 					 * reserved for periodic (intr/iso)
 					 * requests is used, on average?
diff --git a/include/linux/usb/hcd.h b/include/linux/usb/hcd.h
index 68b1e83..c00c739 100644
--- a/include/linux/usb/hcd.h
+++ b/include/linux/usb/hcd.h
@@ -169,6 +169,7 @@ struct usb_hcd {
 	 * bandwidth_mutex should be dropped after a successful control message
 	 * to the device, or resetting the bandwidth after a failed attempt.
 	 */
+	struct mutex		*address0_mutex;
 	struct mutex		*bandwidth_mutex;
 	struct usb_hcd		*shared_hcd;
 	struct usb_hcd		*primary_hcd;
--
2.7.4





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