[3.13.y.z extended stable] Patch "OOM, PM: OOM killed task shouldn't escape PM suspend" has been added to staging queue

Kamal Mostafa kamal at canonical.com
Fri Oct 31 20:53:41 UTC 2014

This is a note to let you know that I have just added a patch titled

    OOM, PM: OOM killed task shouldn't escape PM suspend

to the linux-3.13.y-queue branch of the 3.13.y.z extended stable tree 
which can be found at:


This patch is scheduled to be released in version

If you, or anyone else, feels it should not be added to this tree, please 
reply to this email.

For more information about the 3.13.y.z tree, see



>From 5d556ef20d37f6ded04dd45514004ff1fc1b693b Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Michal Hocko <mhocko at suse.cz>
Date: Mon, 20 Oct 2014 18:12:32 +0200
Subject: OOM, PM: OOM killed task shouldn't escape PM suspend

commit 5695be142e203167e3cb515ef86a88424f3524eb upstream.

PM freezer relies on having all tasks frozen by the time devices are
getting frozen so that no task will touch them while they are getting
frozen. But OOM killer is allowed to kill an already frozen task in
order to handle OOM situtation. In order to protect from late wake ups
OOM killer is disabled after all tasks are frozen. This, however, still
keeps a window open when a killed task didn't manage to die by the time
freeze_processes finishes.

Reduce the race window by checking all tasks after OOM killer has been
disabled. This is still not race free completely unfortunately because
oom_killer_disable cannot stop an already ongoing OOM killer so a task
might still wake up from the fridge and get killed without
freeze_processes noticing. Full synchronization of OOM and freezer is,
however, too heavy weight for this highly unlikely case.

Introduce and check oom_kills counter which gets incremented early when
the allocator enters __alloc_pages_may_oom path and only check all the
tasks if the counter changes during the freezing attempt. The counter
is updated so early to reduce the race window since allocator checked
oom_killer_disabled which is set by PM-freezing code. A false positive
will push the PM-freezer into a slow path but that is not a big deal.

Changes since v1
- push the re-check loop out of freeze_processes into
  check_frozen_processes and invert the condition to make the code more
  readable as per Rafael

Fixes: f660daac474c6f (oom: thaw threads if oom killed thread is frozen before deferring)
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko at suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki at intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Kamal Mostafa <kamal at canonical.com>
 include/linux/oom.h    |  3 +++
 kernel/power/process.c | 40 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 mm/oom_kill.c          | 17 +++++++++++++++++
 mm/page_alloc.c        |  8 ++++++++
 4 files changed, 67 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/oom.h b/include/linux/oom.h
index 4cd6267..17f0949 100644
--- a/include/linux/oom.h
+++ b/include/linux/oom.h
@@ -50,6 +50,9 @@ static inline bool oom_task_origin(const struct task_struct *p)
 extern unsigned long oom_badness(struct task_struct *p,
 		struct mem_cgroup *memcg, const nodemask_t *nodemask,
 		unsigned long totalpages);
+extern int oom_kills_count(void);
+extern void note_oom_kill(void);
 extern void oom_kill_process(struct task_struct *p, gfp_t gfp_mask, int order,
 			     unsigned int points, unsigned long totalpages,
 			     struct mem_cgroup *memcg, nodemask_t *nodemask,
diff --git a/kernel/power/process.c b/kernel/power/process.c
index 14f9a8d..f1fe7ec 100644
--- a/kernel/power/process.c
+++ b/kernel/power/process.c
@@ -107,6 +107,28 @@ static int try_to_freeze_tasks(bool user_only)
 	return todo ? -EBUSY : 0;

+ * Returns true if all freezable tasks (except for current) are frozen already
+ */
+static bool check_frozen_processes(void)
+	struct task_struct *g, *p;
+	bool ret = true;
+	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
+	for_each_process_thread(g, p) {
+		if (p != current && !freezer_should_skip(p) &&
+		    !frozen(p)) {
+			ret = false;
+			goto done;
+		}
+	}
+	read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
+	return ret;
  * freeze_processes - Signal user space processes to enter the refrigerator.
  * The current thread will not be frozen.  The same process that calls
@@ -117,6 +139,7 @@ static int try_to_freeze_tasks(bool user_only)
 int freeze_processes(void)
 	int error;
+	int oom_kills_saved;

 	error = __usermodehelper_disable(UMH_FREEZING);
 	if (error)
@@ -130,12 +153,27 @@ int freeze_processes(void)

 	printk("Freezing user space processes ... ");
 	pm_freezing = true;
+	oom_kills_saved = oom_kills_count();
 	error = try_to_freeze_tasks(true);
 	if (!error) {
-		printk("done.");
+		/*
+		 * There might have been an OOM kill while we were
+		 * freezing tasks and the killed task might be still
+		 * on the way out so we have to double check for race.
+		 */
+		if (oom_kills_count() != oom_kills_saved &&
+				!check_frozen_processes()) {
+			__usermodehelper_set_disable_depth(UMH_ENABLED);
+			printk("OOM in progress.");
+			error = -EBUSY;
+			goto done;
+		}
+		printk("done.");

diff --git a/mm/oom_kill.c b/mm/oom_kill.c
index 616b2eb..9c01afd 100644
--- a/mm/oom_kill.c
+++ b/mm/oom_kill.c
@@ -394,6 +394,23 @@ static void dump_header(struct task_struct *p, gfp_t gfp_mask, int order,
 		dump_tasks(memcg, nodemask);

+ * Number of OOM killer invocations (including memcg OOM killer).
+ * Primarily used by PM freezer to check for potential races with
+ * OOM killed frozen task.
+ */
+static atomic_t oom_kills = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
+int oom_kills_count(void)
+	return atomic_read(&oom_kills);
+void note_oom_kill(void)
+	atomic_inc(&oom_kills);
 #define K(x) ((x) << (PAGE_SHIFT-10))
  * Must be called while holding a reference to p, which will be released upon
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 38dca81..83a20df 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -2178,6 +2178,14 @@ __alloc_pages_may_oom(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order,

+	 * PM-freezer should be notified that there might be an OOM killer on
+	 * its way to kill and wake somebody up. This is too early and we might
+	 * end up not killing anything but false positives are acceptable.
+	 * See freeze_processes.
+	 */
+	note_oom_kill();
+	/*
 	 * Go through the zonelist yet one more time, keep very high watermark
 	 * here, this is only to catch a parallel oom killing, we must fail if
 	 * we're still under heavy pressure.

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