[PATCH 3.13 143/163] nilfs2: fix data loss with mmap()

Kamal Mostafa kamal at canonical.com
Thu Oct 9 21:02:48 UTC 2014 -stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Andreas Rohner <andreas.rohner at gmx.net>

commit 56d7acc792c0d98f38f22058671ee715ff197023 upstream.

This bug leads to reproducible silent data loss, despite the use of
msync(), sync() and a clean unmount of the file system.  It is easily
reproducible with the following script:

  ----------------[BEGIN SCRIPT]--------------------
  mkfs.nilfs2 -f /dev/sdb
  mount /dev/sdb /mnt

  dd if=/dev/zero bs=1M count=30 of=/mnt/testfile

  umount /mnt
  mount /dev/sdb /mnt
  CHECKSUM_BEFORE="$(md5sum /mnt/testfile)"

  /root/mmaptest/mmaptest /mnt/testfile 30 10 5

  CHECKSUM_AFTER="$(md5sum /mnt/testfile)"
  umount /mnt
  mount /dev/sdb /mnt
  CHECKSUM_AFTER_REMOUNT="$(md5sum /mnt/testfile)"
  umount /mnt

  ----------------[END SCRIPT]--------------------

The mmaptest tool looks something like this (very simplified, with
error checking removed):

  ----------------[BEGIN mmaptest]--------------------
  data = mmap(NULL, file_size - file_offset, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
              MAP_SHARED, fd, file_offset);

  for (i = 0; i < write_count; ++i) {
        memcpy(data + i * 4096, buf, sizeof(buf));
        msync(data, file_size - file_offset, MS_SYNC))
  ----------------[END mmaptest]--------------------

The output of the script looks something like this:

  BEFORE MMAP:    281ed1d5ae50e8419f9b978aab16de83  /mnt/testfile
  AFTER MMAP:     6604a1c31f10780331a6850371b3a313  /mnt/testfile
  AFTER REMOUNT:  281ed1d5ae50e8419f9b978aab16de83  /mnt/testfile

So it is clear, that the changes done using mmap() do not survive a
remount.  This can be reproduced a 100% of the time.  The problem was
introduced in commit 136e8770cd5d ("nilfs2: fix issue of
nilfs_set_page_dirty() for page at EOF boundary").

If the page was read with mpage_readpage() or mpage_readpages() for
example, then it has no buffers attached to it.  In that case
page_has_buffers(page) in nilfs_set_page_dirty() will be false.
Therefore nilfs_set_file_dirty() is never called and the pages are never
collected and never written to disk.

This patch fixes the problem by also calling nilfs_set_file_dirty() if the
page has no buffers attached to it.

[akpm at linux-foundation.org: s/PAGE_SHIFT/PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT/]
Signed-off-by: Andreas Rohner <andreas.rohner at gmx.net>
Tested-by: Andreas Rohner <andreas.rohner at gmx.net>
Signed-off-by: Ryusuke Konishi <konishi.ryusuke at lab.ntt.co.jp>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm at linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds at linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Kamal Mostafa <kamal at canonical.com>
 fs/nilfs2/inode.c | 7 ++++++-
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/fs/nilfs2/inode.c b/fs/nilfs2/inode.c
index 7e350c5..1e0bbae 100644
--- a/fs/nilfs2/inode.c
+++ b/fs/nilfs2/inode.c
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@
 #include <linux/buffer_head.h>
 #include <linux/gfp.h>
 #include <linux/mpage.h>
+#include <linux/pagemap.h>
 #include <linux/writeback.h>
 #include <linux/aio.h>
 #include "nilfs.h"
@@ -219,10 +220,10 @@ static int nilfs_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc)
 static int nilfs_set_page_dirty(struct page *page)
+	struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host;
 	int ret = __set_page_dirty_nobuffers(page);
 	if (page_has_buffers(page)) {
-		struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host;
 		unsigned nr_dirty = 0;
 		struct buffer_head *bh, *head;
@@ -245,6 +246,10 @@ static int nilfs_set_page_dirty(struct page *page)
 		if (nr_dirty)
 			nilfs_set_file_dirty(inode, nr_dirty);
+	} else if (ret) {
+		unsigned nr_dirty = 1 << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - inode->i_blkbits);
+		nilfs_set_file_dirty(inode, nr_dirty);
 	return ret;

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