[3.11.y.z extended stable] Patch "x86-64, modify_ldt: Make support for 16-bit segments a runtime option" has been added to staging queue

Luis Henriques luis.henriques at canonical.com
Fri May 30 09:29:07 UTC 2014

This is a note to let you know that I have just added a patch titled

    x86-64, modify_ldt: Make support for 16-bit segments a runtime option

to the linux-3.11.y-queue branch of the 3.11.y.z extended stable tree 
which can be found at:


If you, or anyone else, feels it should not be added to this tree, please 
reply to this email.

For more information about the 3.11.y.z tree, see



>From 98682494df8dd6c9fc9c5c851f49b5670d42b6d3 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Linus Torvalds <torvalds at linux-foundation.org>
Date: Wed, 14 May 2014 16:33:54 -0700
Subject: x86-64, modify_ldt: Make support for 16-bit segments a runtime option

commit fa81511bb0bbb2b1aace3695ce869da9762624ff upstream.


b3b42ac2cbae x86-64, modify_ldt: Ban 16-bit segments on 64-bit kernels

disabled 16-bit segments on 64-bit kernels due to an information
leak.  However, it does seem that people are genuinely using Wine to
run old 16-bit Windows programs on Linux.

A proper fix for this ("espfix64") is coming in the upcoming merge
window, but as a temporary fix, create a sysctl to allow the
administrator to re-enable support for 16-bit segments.

It adds a "/proc/sys/abi/ldt16" sysctl that defaults to zero (off). If
you hit this issue and care about your old Windows program more than
you care about a kernel stack address information leak, you can do

   echo 1 > /proc/sys/abi/ldt16

as root (add it to your startup scripts), and you should be ok.

The sysctl table is only added if you have COMPAT support enabled on
x86-64, but I assume anybody who runs old windows binaries very much
does that ;)

Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa at linux.intel.com>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/CA%2B55aFw9BPoD10U1LfHbOMpHWZkvJTkMcfCs9s3urPr1YyWBxw@mail.gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Luis Henriques <luis.henriques at canonical.com>
 arch/x86/kernel/ldt.c        | 4 +++-
 arch/x86/vdso/vdso32-setup.c | 8 ++++++++
 2 files changed, 11 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/ldt.c b/arch/x86/kernel/ldt.c
index af1d14a9ebda..dcbbaa165bde 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/ldt.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ldt.c
@@ -20,6 +20,8 @@
 #include <asm/mmu_context.h>
 #include <asm/syscalls.h>

+int sysctl_ldt16 = 0;
 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
 static void flush_ldt(void *current_mm)
@@ -234,7 +236,7 @@ static int write_ldt(void __user *ptr, unsigned long bytecount, int oldmode)
 	 * IRET leaking the high bits of the kernel stack address.
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
-	if (!ldt_info.seg_32bit) {
+	if (!ldt_info.seg_32bit && !sysctl_ldt16) {
 		error = -EINVAL;
 		goto out_unlock;
diff --git a/arch/x86/vdso/vdso32-setup.c b/arch/x86/vdso/vdso32-setup.c
index d6bfb876cfb0..f1d633a43f8e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/vdso/vdso32-setup.c
+++ b/arch/x86/vdso/vdso32-setup.c
@@ -41,6 +41,7 @@ enum {
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
 #define vdso_enabled			sysctl_vsyscall32
 #define arch_setup_additional_pages	syscall32_setup_pages
+extern int sysctl_ldt16;

@@ -380,6 +381,13 @@ static struct ctl_table abi_table2[] = {
 		.mode		= 0644,
 		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec
+	{
+		.procname	= "ldt16",
+		.data		= &sysctl_ldt16,
+		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
+		.mode		= 0644,
+		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec
+	},


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