[3.8.y.z extended stable] Patch "n_tty: Fix n_tty_write crash when echoing in raw mode" has been added to staging queue

Kamal Mostafa kamal at canonical.com
Tue May 6 21:09:57 UTC 2014


This is a note to let you know that I have just added a patch titled

    n_tty: Fix n_tty_write crash when echoing in raw mode

to the linux-3.8.y-queue branch of the 3.8.y.z extended stable tree 
which can be found at:

 http://kernel.ubuntu.com/git?p=ubuntu/linux.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/linux-3.8.y-queue

This patch is scheduled to be released in version 3.8.13.23.

If you, or anyone else, feels it should not be added to this tree, please 
reply to this email.

For more information about the 3.8.y.z tree, see
https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Kernel/Dev/ExtendedStable

Thanks.
-Kamal

------

>From 64841fc4630178bb515489abe05927f2db7519fe Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Peter Hurley <peter at hurleysoftware.com>
Date: Sat, 3 May 2014 14:04:59 +0200
Subject: n_tty: Fix n_tty_write crash when echoing in raw mode

commit 4291086b1f081b869c6d79e5b7441633dc3ace00 upstream.

The tty atomic_write_lock does not provide an exclusion guarantee for
the tty driver if the termios settings are LECHO & !OPOST.  And since
it is unexpected and not allowed to call TTY buffer helpers like
tty_insert_flip_string concurrently, this may lead to crashes when
concurrect writers call pty_write. In that case the following two
writers:
* the ECHOing from a workqueue and
* pty_write from the process
race and can overflow the corresponding TTY buffer like follows.

If we look into tty_insert_flip_string_fixed_flag, there is:
  int space = __tty_buffer_request_room(port, goal, flags);
  struct tty_buffer *tb = port->buf.tail;
  ...
  memcpy(char_buf_ptr(tb, tb->used), chars, space);
  ...
  tb->used += space;

so the race of the two can result in something like this:
              A                                B
__tty_buffer_request_room
                                  __tty_buffer_request_room
memcpy(buf(tb->used), ...)
tb->used += space;
                                  memcpy(buf(tb->used), ...) ->BOOM

B's memcpy is past the tty_buffer due to the previous A's tb->used
increment.

Since the N_TTY line discipline input processing can output
concurrently with a tty write, obtain the N_TTY ldisc output_lock to
serialize echo output with normal tty writes.  This ensures the tty
buffer helper tty_insert_flip_string is not called concurrently and
everything is fine.

Note that this is nicely reproducible by an ordinary user using
forkpty and some setup around that (raw termios + ECHO). And it is
present in kernels at least after commit
d945cb9cce20ac7143c2de8d88b187f62db99bdc (pty: Rework the pty layer to
use the normal buffering logic) in 2.6.31-rc3.

js: add more info to the commit log
js: switch to bool
js: lock unconditionally
js: lock only the tty->ops->write call

References: CVE-2014-0196
Reported-and-tested-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby at suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Peter Hurley <peter at hurleysoftware.com>
Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby at suse.cz>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds at linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Alan Cox <alan at lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh at linuxfoundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Kamal Mostafa <kamal at canonical.com>
---
 drivers/tty/n_tty.c | 4 ++++
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/tty/n_tty.c b/drivers/tty/n_tty.c
index 9365978..2058e94 100644
--- a/drivers/tty/n_tty.c
+++ b/drivers/tty/n_tty.c
@@ -2067,8 +2067,12 @@ static ssize_t n_tty_write(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *file,
 			if (tty->ops->flush_chars)
 				tty->ops->flush_chars(tty);
 		} else {
+			struct n_tty_data *ldata = tty->disc_data;
+
 			while (nr > 0) {
+				mutex_lock(&ldata->output_lock);
 				c = tty->ops->write(tty, b, nr);
+				mutex_unlock(&ldata->output_lock);
 				if (c < 0) {
 					retval = c;
 					goto break_out;
--
1.9.1





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