[PATCH 51/58] workqueue: fix possible stall on try_to_grab_pending() of a delayed work item

Luis Henriques luis.henriques at canonical.com
Mon Sep 2 08:54:36 UTC 2013 -stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Lai Jiangshan <laijs at cn.fujitsu.com>

commit 3aa62497594430ea522050b75c033f71f2c60ee6 upstream.

Currently, when try_to_grab_pending() grabs a delayed work item, it
leaves its linked work items alone on the delayed_works.  The linked
work items are always NO_COLOR and will cause future
cwq_activate_first_delayed() increase cwq->nr_active incorrectly, and
may cause the whole cwq to stall.  For example,

state: cwq->max_active = 1, cwq->nr_active = 1
       one work in cwq->pool, many in cwq->delayed_works.

step1: try_to_grab_pending() removes a work item from delayed_works
       but leaves its NO_COLOR linked work items on it.

step2: Later on, cwq_activate_first_delayed() activates the linked
       work item increasing ->nr_active.

step3: cwq->nr_active = 1, but all activated work items of the cwq are
       NO_COLOR.  When they finish, cwq->nr_active will not be
       decreased due to NO_COLOR, and no further work items will be
       activated from cwq->delayed_works. the cwq stalls.

Fix it by ensuring the target work item is activated before stealing
PENDING in try_to_grab_pending().  This ensures that all the linked
work items are activated without incorrectly bumping cwq->nr_active.

tj: Updated comment and description.

Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs at cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj at kernel.org>
Cc: Li Zefan <lizefan at huawei.com>
[ luis: backported to 3.5: based on Li Zefan's backport to 3.4 ]
Signed-off-by: Luis Henriques <luis.henriques at canonical.com>
 kernel/workqueue.c | 25 ++++++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 22 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/workqueue.c b/kernel/workqueue.c
index dd488af..0395ca8 100644
--- a/kernel/workqueue.c
+++ b/kernel/workqueue.c
@@ -1744,10 +1744,9 @@ static void move_linked_works(struct work_struct *work, struct list_head *head,
 		*nextp = n;
-static void cwq_activate_first_delayed(struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq)
+static void cwq_activate_delayed_work(struct work_struct *work)
-	struct work_struct *work = list_first_entry(&cwq->delayed_works,
-						    struct work_struct, entry);
+	struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq = get_work_cwq(work);
 	struct list_head *pos = gcwq_determine_ins_pos(cwq->gcwq, cwq);
@@ -1756,6 +1755,14 @@ static void cwq_activate_first_delayed(struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq)
+static void cwq_activate_first_delayed(struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq)
+	struct work_struct *work = list_first_entry(&cwq->delayed_works,
+						    struct work_struct, entry);
+	cwq_activate_delayed_work(work);
  * cwq_dec_nr_in_flight - decrement cwq's nr_in_flight
  * @cwq: cwq of interest
@@ -2653,6 +2660,18 @@ static int try_to_grab_pending(struct work_struct *work)
 		if (gcwq == get_work_gcwq(work)) {
+			/*
+			 * A delayed work item cannot be grabbed directly
+			 * because it might have linked NO_COLOR work items
+			 * which, if left on the delayed_list, will confuse
+			 * cwq->nr_active management later on and cause
+			 * stall.  Make sure the work item is activated
+			 * before grabbing.
+			 */
+			if (*work_data_bits(work) & WORK_STRUCT_DELAYED)
+				cwq_activate_delayed_work(work);

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