[PATCH 68/72] hrtimer: Don't reinitialize a cpu_base lock on CPU_UP

Luis Henriques luis.henriques at canonical.com
Thu Apr 18 09:16:53 UTC 2013 -stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Michael Bohan <mbohan at codeaurora.org>

commit 84cc8fd2fe65866e49d70b38b3fdf7219dd92fe0 upstream.

The current code makes the assumption that a cpu_base lock won't be
held if the CPU corresponding to that cpu_base is offline, which isn't
always true.

If a hrtimer is not queued, then it will not be migrated by
migrate_hrtimers() when a CPU is offlined. Therefore, the hrtimer's
cpu_base may still point to a CPU which has subsequently gone offline
if the timer wasn't enqueued at the time the CPU went down.

Normally this wouldn't be a problem, but a cpu_base's lock is blindly
reinitialized each time a CPU is brought up. If a CPU is brought
online during the period that another thread is performing a hrtimer
operation on a stale hrtimer, then the lock will be reinitialized
under its feet, and a SPIN_BUG() like the following will be observed:

<0>[   28.082085] BUG: spinlock already unlocked on CPU#0, swapper/0/0
<0>[   28.087078]  lock: 0xc4780b40, value 0x0 .magic: dead4ead, .owner: <none>/-1, .owner_cpu: -1
<4>[   42.451150] [<c0014398>] (unwind_backtrace+0x0/0x120) from [<c0269220>] (do_raw_spin_unlock+0x44/0xdc)
<4>[   42.460430] [<c0269220>] (do_raw_spin_unlock+0x44/0xdc) from [<c071b5bc>] (_raw_spin_unlock+0x8/0x30)
<4>[   42.469632] [<c071b5bc>] (_raw_spin_unlock+0x8/0x30) from [<c00a9ce0>] (__hrtimer_start_range_ns+0x1e4/0x4f8)
<4>[   42.479521] [<c00a9ce0>] (__hrtimer_start_range_ns+0x1e4/0x4f8) from [<c00aa014>] (hrtimer_start+0x20/0x28)
<4>[   42.489247] [<c00aa014>] (hrtimer_start+0x20/0x28) from [<c00e6190>] (rcu_idle_enter_common+0x1ac/0x320)
<4>[   42.498709] [<c00e6190>] (rcu_idle_enter_common+0x1ac/0x320) from [<c00e6440>] (rcu_idle_enter+0xa0/0xb8)
<4>[   42.508259] [<c00e6440>] (rcu_idle_enter+0xa0/0xb8) from [<c000f268>] (cpu_idle+0x24/0xf0)
<4>[   42.516503] [<c000f268>] (cpu_idle+0x24/0xf0) from [<c06ed3c0>] (rest_init+0x88/0xa0)
<4>[   42.524319] [<c06ed3c0>] (rest_init+0x88/0xa0) from [<c0c00978>] (start_kernel+0x3d0/0x434)

As an example, this particular crash occurred when hrtimer_start() was
executed on CPU #0. The code locked the hrtimer's current cpu_base
corresponding to CPU #1. CPU #0 then tried to switch the hrtimer's
cpu_base to an optimal CPU which was online. In this case, it selected
the cpu_base corresponding to CPU #3.

Before it could proceed, CPU #1 came online and reinitialized the
spinlock corresponding to its cpu_base. Thus now CPU #0 held a lock
which was reinitialized. When CPU #0 finally ended up unlocking the
old cpu_base corresponding to CPU #1 so that it could switch to CPU
#3, we hit this SPIN_BUG() above while in switch_hrtimer_base().

CPU #0                            CPU #1
----                              ----
...                               <offline>
lock_hrtimer_base(base #1)
...                               init_hrtimers_cpu()
switch_hrtimer_base()             ...
...                               raw_spin_lock_init(&cpu_base->lock)
raw_spin_unlock(&cpu_base->lock)  ...

Solve this by statically initializing the lock.

Signed-off-by: Michael Bohan <mbohan at codeaurora.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1363745965-23475-1-git-send-email-mbohan@codeaurora.org
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx at linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Luis Henriques <luis.henriques at canonical.com>
 kernel/hrtimer.c | 3 +--
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/hrtimer.c b/kernel/hrtimer.c
index cdd5607..e4cee8d 100644
--- a/kernel/hrtimer.c
+++ b/kernel/hrtimer.c
@@ -61,6 +61,7 @@
 DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct hrtimer_cpu_base, hrtimer_bases) =
+	.lock = __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(hrtimer_bases.lock),
 	.clock_base =
@@ -1640,8 +1641,6 @@ static void __cpuinit init_hrtimers_cpu(int cpu)
 	struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base = &per_cpu(hrtimer_bases, cpu);
 	int i;
-	raw_spin_lock_init(&cpu_base->lock);
 	for (i = 0; i < HRTIMER_MAX_CLOCK_BASES; i++) {
 		cpu_base->clock_base[i].cpu_base = cpu_base;

More information about the kernel-team mailing list