[ 3.5.y.z extended stable ] Patch "x86, amd: Disable way access filter on Piledriver CPUs" has been added to staging queue

Herton Ronaldo Krzesinski herton.krzesinski at canonical.com
Thu Dec 13 04:46:11 UTC 2012

This is a note to let you know that I have just added a patch titled

    x86, amd: Disable way access filter on Piledriver CPUs

to the linux-3.5.y-queue branch of the 3.5.y.z extended stable tree 
which can be found at:


If you, or anyone else, feels it should not be added to this tree, please 
reply to this email.

For more information about the 3.5.y.z tree, see



>From 5fb9c1edff2c581dce85be7b56c1d7e92a7cd060 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Andre Przywara <andre.przywara at amd.com>
Date: Wed, 31 Oct 2012 17:20:50 +0100
Subject: [PATCH 09/20] x86, amd: Disable way access filter on Piledriver CPUs

commit 2bbf0a1427c377350f001fbc6260995334739ad7 upstream.

The Way Access Filter in recent AMD CPUs may hurt the performance of
some workloads, caused by aliasing issues in the L1 cache.
This patch disables it on the affected CPUs.

The issue is similar to that one of last year:
This new patch does not replace the old one, we just need another
quirk for newer CPUs.

The performance penalty without the patch depends on the
circumstances, but is a bit less than the last year's 3%.

The workloads affected would be those that access code from the same
physical page under different virtual addresses, so different
processes using the same libraries with ASLR or multiple instances of
PIE-binaries. The code needs to be accessed simultaneously from both
cores of the same compute unit.

More details can be found here:

CPUs affected are anything with the core known as Piledriver.
That includes the new parts of the AMD A-Series (aka Trinity) and the
just released new CPUs of the FX-Series (aka Vishera).
The model numbering is a bit odd here: FX CPUs have model 2,
A-Series has model 10h, with possible extensions to 1Fh. Hence the
range of model ids.

Signed-off-by: Andre Przywara <osp at andrep.de>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1351700450-9277-1-git-send-email-osp@andrep.de
Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa at linux.intel.com>
[ herton: use checking_wrmsrl instead of wrmsrl_safe on 3.5 ]
Signed-off-by: Herton Ronaldo Krzesinski <herton.krzesinski at canonical.com>
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c |   14 ++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 14 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c
index 146bb62..6b4976b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c
@@ -598,6 +598,20 @@ static void __cpuinit init_amd(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)

+	/*
+	 * The way access filter has a performance penalty on some workloads.
+	 * Disable it on the affected CPUs.
+	 */
+	if ((c->x86 == 0x15) &&
+	    (c->x86_model >= 0x02) && (c->x86_model < 0x20)) {
+		u64 val;
+		if (!rdmsrl_safe(0xc0011021, &val) && !(val & 0x1E)) {
+			val |= 0x1E;
+			checking_wrmsrl(0xc0011021, val);
+		}
+	}

 	/* Multi core CPU? */

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