[Bug 1578837] Re: Secure Boot failure on Lenovo x3550 M5

Rod Smith rod.smith at canonical.com
Fri May 6 14:24:07 UTC 2016

I've done some more experiments. After booting in the normal MAAS way
with Secure Boot disabled, I created an entry with efibootmgr to boot
directly from the local hard disk, bypassing MAAS and its PXE boot. The
system booted fine with this configuration, even after enabling Secure
Boot. Thus, this is not a blanket Secure Boot issue; it has something to
do with the handoff through multiple programs used by the MAAS
configuration. (I expected this to be the case because the first GRUB
delivered by MAAS booted OK; however, I know of at least one computer
that ignores Secure Boot for network boots.)

I then modified /boot/grub/grub.cfg to add entries to chainload from the
disk-based GRUB to itself, both directly and via the on-disk
shimx64.efi. Both these entries failed, with the same message noted

file path: /ACPI(a0341d0,0)/PCI(0,1)/PCI(0,0)/Ctrl(0)/SCSI(0,0)
error: cannot load image.

(In the case of booting GRUB directly, of course, the message referenced
grubx64.efi, not shimx64.efi.)

I then installed rEFInd on the system. This starts fine, and can
redirect to grubx64.efi, which also starts fine and can launch a kernel;
however, if rEFInd boots shimx64.efi, although a GRUB menu appears, GRUB
refuses to load the kernel, with the following message:

Bootloader has not verified loaded image.
System is compromised.  halting.

rEFInd can also directly launch a signed Linux kernel, but not an
unsigned one. This is normal and expected behavior for rEFInd.

Thus, this appears to be a problem with shim verifying a second or
subsequent image and/or with something in the way GRUB is launching
chainloaded EFI programs. I ran into a similar problem with shim 0.8 and
rEFInd, which I worked around with an ugly hack in rEFInd 0.9.2;
however, I'm also reminded of bug 1091464, which has existed for much
longer and that may be related to this problem. In that bug, GRUB is
unable to chainload to Windows when Secure Boot is active. As the broken
point here seems to be GRUB launching shim, the problem seems analogous.

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  Secure Boot failure on Lenovo x3550 M5

Status in shim package in Ubuntu:

Bug description:
  When doing certification testing of Ubuntu 16.04 on a Lenovo x3550 M5,
  we've found a Secure Boot failure. After installing via MAAS with
  Secure Boot DISABLED, we've enabled Secure Boot. The following appears
  on the screen (SOL session):

  No key pressed. Preparing to boot normally...
  >>Start PXE over IPv4.
    Station IP address is

    Server IP address is
    NBP filename is bootx64.efi
    NBP filesize is 1289424 Bytes
   Downloading NBP file...

    Succeed to download NBP file.

   Downloading NBP file...

    Succeed to download NBP file.
  Fetching Netboot Image

  Booting local disk...
  file path: /ACPI(a0341d0,0)/PCI(0,1)/PCI(0,0)/Ctrl(0)/SCSI(0,0)
  error: cannot load image.

  Press any key to continue...

  Pressing a key at this point produces a GRUB menu containing nothing
  but a "Local" option. Selecting that option causes a return of the
  "Booting local disk..." message and failure.

  Disabling Secure Boot produces the same sequence, except that "error:
  cannot load image" does NOT appear, a GRUB menu with an "Ubuntu"
  option appears briefly, and the system boots normally.

  Note that Secure Boot DOES work normally in a MAAS environment on
  other computers, such as Cisco C220 M4 and C240 M4 and an Intel NUC
  DC53427HYE. (The NUC, however, required a firmware update to work with
  Secure Boot active.)

  This may well be a firmware bug, but I'm reporting it against Shim
  because it could be it's a Shim bug that's interacting with the
  firmware or there may be something Shim can do to work around the

  Version information:

  $ lsb_release -rd
  Description:	Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
  Release:	16.04
  $ apt-cache policy shim
    Installed: 0.8-0ubuntu2
    Candidate: 0.8-0ubuntu2
    Version table:
   *** 0.8-0ubuntu2 500
          500 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com//ubuntu xenial/main amd64 Packages
          100 /var/lib/dpkg/status
  ubuntu at oil-jolteon:~$ apt-cache policy shim-signed
    Installed: 1.12+0.8-0ubuntu2
    Candidate: 1.12+0.8-0ubuntu2
    Version table:
   *** 1.12+0.8-0ubuntu2 500
          500 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com//ubuntu xenial/main amd64 Packages
          100 /var/lib/dpkg/status

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