[apparmor] Apparmor with initramfs mode
Francois.Bussery at pace.com
Tue Jul 1 09:23:47 UTC 2014
Thanks a lot for this reply.
In fact, I can confirm that apparmor works fine when booting from
initramfs. I have no problem with profiles I write manually.
All the rules are working fine for all mount points except the rootfs.
(Ex: /sys, /proc, /mnt/xxx,Š)
Unfortunately, for the files inside the initramfs, they¹re not catched by
apparmor. It seems that the problem is that they¹re not considered as
The pb seems to be related to the flag MS_NOUSER that is set in initramfs.
On 30/06/14 10:22, "John Johansen" <john.johansen at canonical.com> wrote:
>On 06/30/2014 03:09 AM, Francois Bussery wrote:
>> I¹m using apparmor on an embedded system based on initramfs.
>> Unfortunately, I have noticed that the files in the initramfs are not
>>checked by apparmor.
>> Has somebody already worked on that topic?
>yes, but it is some what problematic, and requires manual setup at the
>moment. It is not
>a configuration that we have examples for or is even currently a focus
>but it has been
>done. You need policy, and a loader or the policy compiler in the
>initramfs, and you need
>to mount sysfs, and securityfs in the initramfs.
>The mounts aren't really a big deal as they can be remounted again later
>so that they
>show up in the right place when the real root is mounted. And since they
>filesystems that are built in to the kernel there is no dependency or
>race issues to
>deal with. So the only thing you really need to do is modify the
>initramfs scripts to
>Managing policy is a bit more of a problem. Obviously you need to copy
>the policy into
>the initramfs when it is created. Generally you don't want to be
>compiling policy in
>the initramfs so what you want is the cached binary policy, and you need
>We don't have a standalone loader atm, but the parser will do it if
>passed the -B
>flag. If you want you can also copy in the policy source files as well
>but be careful
>to make sure that the timestamps are earlier than that of the parsers, as
>uses that to check in the the policy source files are newer than the
>which can trigger a compile.
>To load the policy modify your initramfs scripts to call the parser with
>to be loaded. You can then even unmount security and sysfs if you want.
>You can then continue with regular booting, once out of the initramfs you
>reload policy or and more policy. Generally the idea is to have only what
>in the initramfs because it is costly (relative to regular boot time) to
>data out of the initramfs, and because policy can very easily break your
>boot if it
>is not fully developed.
>Now to compiling policy for the initramfs. The easiest way is to boot
>into the kernel
>you want to load policy for and have the parser compile the policy and
>store it to
>a cache. You can then copy the cached files into the initramfs when you
>AppArmor policy is somewhat tied to the kernel and compiler
>(apparmor_parser) in that
>the parser will compile certain features based on what the kernel
>advertises as being
>available. However newer kernels do support and accept policy from older
>so even if the policy is built for an older kernel, or with an older
>should work. If you are doing a direct load using the -B the caching
>policy matching to the kernel are not done and older policy can be
>means you can get away with not having to update your initramfs everytime
>policy, especially if you do a secondary policy load that may have
>So currently it is doable, it just requires some manual tweaking of the
>There are improvements in the works that will help some in the future
>better caching, support for multiple kernel versions in cache, and
>parser into a library so there can be a separate loader).
>There is also the currently experimental feature on the dev kernels that
>to set a boot/init profile that starts in unconfined mode, and can then
>early in boot to provide total system confinement without having to do
>extra that policy in the initramfs requires. Of course it won't meet
>but for those it does its easier than mucking with the initramfs.
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